Quanta of Action and Probability

  • Ludwik Kostro
Conference paper
Part of the Fundamental Theories of Physics book series (FTPH, volume 24)


It will be shown that apart from Planck’s elementary quantum of action there are four additional types of quanta of action which are closely tied to the four fundamental interactions and it will be indicated that the, resented until now in Quantum Mechanics, necessity of only probabilistic predictions has no origin in the quanta of action as such but in the scattering processes typical of acts of measurement.


Integer Multiple Probabilistic Prediction Compton Wavelength Elementary Quantum Coupling Power 
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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ludwik Kostro
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Experimantal PhysicsUniversity of GdańskGdańskPoland

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