Advertisement

Statistics in Genetics: Human Migrations Detected by Multivariate Techniques

  • Alberto Piazza
Chapter
  • 645 Downloads
Part of the Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science book series (BSPS, volume 122)

Abstract

The role of migration as a mechanism influencing the genetic structure of human populations has long been recognized. Human migrations, however, can occur in several different ways, each with its characteristic pattern in time and space. An exhaustive analysis of this evolutionary pressure, how it interacts with biological factors as natural selection and random genetic drift, and with no biological constraints like geographic distances and barriers cannot be condensed in few pages. We rather focus on empirical studies and specifically on how human migration can be detected by the multivariate technique of principal component analysis.

Keywords

Genetic Differentiation Gene Frequency Middle East Multivariate Technique Principal Component Score 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Ammerman, A. J. and Cavalli-Sforza, L. L. 1971. ‘Measuring the Rate of Spread of Early Farming in Europe’. Man 6 674–688.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Ammerman, A. J. and Cavalli-Sforza, L. L. 1984. The Neolithic Transition and the Genetics of Populations in Europe. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  3. Beloch, J. 1886. Die Bevölkerung der grieschisch-römischen Welt. Leipzig.Google Scholar
  4. Berard, J. 1957. La colonisation grecque de l’Italie méridionale et de la Sicile dans l’antiquité. Paris: Presses Universitäres de France.Google Scholar
  5. Devoto, G. 1962. Origini indoeuropee. Firenze: Sansoni.Google Scholar
  6. Ewens, W. J. 1972. ‘The Sampling Theory of Selectively Neutral Alleles’. Theor. Pop. Biol. 3 87―112.MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Fisher, R. A. 1943. ‘The Relation Between the Number of Species and the Number of Individuals in a Random Sample of an Animal Population’. J. Anim. Ecol. 12, 42―58.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Golini, A. 1974. Distribuzione della popolazione, migrazioni interne ed urbanizzazione in Italia. Roma: Istituto Demografia Università.Google Scholar
  9. Karlin, S. and McGregor, J. 1967. ‘The Number of Mutant Forms Maintained in a Population’. Proc. Fifth Berkeley Symp. Math. Sta. Prob. 4 415–438.Google Scholar
  10. McEvedy, C. and Jones, R. 1978. Atlas of World Population History. Harmondsworth: Penguin.Google Scholar
  11. Menozzi P., Piazza, A., and Cavalli-Sforza, L. L. 1978. ‘Synthetic Maps of Human Gene Frequencies in Europeans’. Science 201 786–792.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Olivetti, E., Rendine, S., Cappello, N., Curtoni, E. S., and Piazza, A. 1986. ‘The HLA System in Italy’. Hum. Hered. 36 357–372.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Pagnier, J., Mears, J. G., Dunda-Belkhodja, O., Schaefer-Rego, K. E., Beldjord, C., Nagel, R. L., and Labie, D. 1984. ‘Evidence for the Multicentric Origin of the Sickle Cell Haemoglobin Gene in Africa’. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 81 1771―1773.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Pallottino, M. 1984. Storia della prima Italia. Milano: Rusconi.Google Scholar
  15. Peroni, R. 1979. ‘The Iron Age, Orientalizing and Etruscan Periods’. In Italy before the Romans, ed. by Ridgway, D. and Ridgway, F. R., pp. 7–30. London: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  16. Piazza, A. 1986. ‘The Genetic Data from the French Provinces: A Tentative Summary’. In Human Population Genetics, ed. by Ohayon, E. and Cambon-Thomsen, A., pp. 345–352. Paris: Inserm.Google Scholar
  17. Piazza, A., Cappello, N., Olivetti, E., and Rendine, S. 1988. ‘A Genetic History of Italy’. Ann. Hum. Genet. 52 203–213.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Piazza, A., Mayr, W. R., Contu, L., Amoroso, A., Borelli, I., Curtoni, E. S., Marcello, C., Moroni, A., Olivetti, E., Richiardi, P., and Ceppellini, R. 1985. ‘Genetic and Population Structure of Four Sardinian Villages’. Ann. Hum. Genet. 49, 47–63.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Piazza, A., Menozzi, P., and Cavalli-Sforza, L. L. 1981. ‘Synthetic Gene Frequency Maps of Man and Selective Effects of Climate’. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 78 2638―2642.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Piazza, A., Rendine, S., Zei, G., Moroni, A., and Cavalli-Sforza, L. L. 1987. ‘Migration Rates of Human Populations from Surname Distributions’. Nature 329 714–716.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Pulgram, E. 1958. The Tongues of Italy. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  22. Rendine, S., Piazza, A., and Cavalli-Sforza, L. L. 1986. ‘Simulation and Separation by Principal Components of Multiple Demic Expansions in Europe’. The American Naturalist 128 681―806.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Renfrew, C. 1987. Archeology and Language. The Puzzle of Indo-European Origins. Cambridge; Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  24. Sherrat, A. 1980. (ed.) The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Archeology. Ch. 33, 34. New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  25. Wijsman, E. M. and Cavalli-Sforza, L. L. 1984. ‘Migration and Genetic Population Structure with Special Reference to Humans’. Ann. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 15 279–301.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Zei, G., Matessi, R. G., Siri, E., Moroni, A., and Cavalli-Sforza, L. L. 1983. ‘Surnames in Sardinia. I. Fit of Frequency Distributions for Neutral Alleles and Genetic Population Structure’. Ann. Hum. Genet. 47 329–352CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alberto Piazza

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations