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Interrelations of rotifers with predatory and herbivorous Cladocera: a review of Russian works

  • Lilian K. Matveeva
Conference paper
Part of the Developments in Hydrobiology book series (DIHY, volume 52)

Abstract

Publications in Russian on the influence of epibiontic rotifers on cladocerans as well as on predator-prey interrelations between cladocerans and rotifers are reviewed. Proales daphnicola and Brachionus rubens are common epibionts of Cladocera. The biology of these species is described including the choice of host, feeding, reproduction and impact on the host. Representatives of the families Daphniidae and Moinidae are most readily colonized. At high densities of epibiontic rotifers, a high percentage of young Cladocera die. Predators consuming cladocerans (mainly Bosminidae) belong to the family Asplanchnidae. Rotifers are consumed by the predatory cladocerans Leptodora and Polyphemus. The results of functional response experiments by the author with P. pediculus feeding on Synchaeta pedinata, Asplanchna priodonta, colonial and solitary Conochilus unicornis, and Platyias patulus are given. In the range of prey densities of 100–1600 l−1 a functional response was found in all the rotifers except P. patulus. Colonies of C. unicornis were not consumed. The highest level of feeding rate saturation was observed in Synchaeta pectinata. Various adaptations in prey morphology prevented effective predation: coloniality, large size of the prey and hard lorica with spines.

Key words

rotifers cladocerans epibionts predation Polyphemus 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lilian K. Matveeva
    • 1
  1. 1.A.N. Severtsov Institute of Animal Evolutionary Morphology and EcologyUSSR Academy of SciencesMoscowUSSR

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