‘Mediation Judges’ in Germany: Mutual Interference of EU Standards and National Developments

  • Burkhard HessEmail author
Part of the Ius Gentium: Comparative Perspectives on Law and Justice book series (IUSGENT, volume 31)


Three key trends can be identified in procedural law in Europe: a growing competition between the national procedural systems, the increasingly multi-layered character of procedural law and an expansion of different methods of dispute resolution. Within this context, the chapter examines the phenomenon of court mediation in Germany. It shows how a global development (‘mediation’) is transferred to a local level. In its beginnings, the German judicial mediation movement was a kind of grassroots movement of judges who were convinced that mediation was the right technique to promote settlement within their courts. When legislation stepped in, the different interests of judges and lawyers resulted in an open conflict. However, the open structure of the EU Directive on Mediation made it possible that the legal-political debate ended with a positive outcome and an open model of dispute resolution which corresponds with the interests of the parties could be found. All in all, the story of the German mediation judges shows that European and national law-making in procedural law can benefit from each other in order to finally achieve a balanced result.


Dispute Resolution District Court Civil Procedure Private Enforcement Judicial Activity 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Max Planck Institute Luxembourg for InternationalEuropean and Regulatory Procedural LawLuxembourgLuxembourg

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