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Climate and Society

  • Kanayathu KoshyEmail author
  • Linda Anne StevensonEmail author
  • Jariya Boonjawat
  • John R. Campbell
  • Kristie L. Ebi
  • Hina Lotia
  • Ruben Zondervan
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Global Change Research book series (AGLO, volume 56)

Abstract

The complexity of climate governance at multiple levels leads to fragmented approaches and there is a mismatch between international agreements and commitments that leads to delays in progress. Climate governance requires a great amount of dialogue, action and financing, and strengthening institutional frameworks for climate governance is desirable. Developing and widely disseminating technologies and methodologies for securing food and eradicating climate-induced health risks, that especially targets poorer communities, is crucial. Empowering poorer communities in this aspect will help alleviate the problems faced by the most vulnerable. Also crucial to creating a resilient community is the implementation of adaptation measures and poverty reduction approaches, both of which need to be integrated into national development plans. Given the urgency for capacity building to improve climate responses, enhanced efforts in collaboration with national institutions and international partners, including the private sector, is needed. In the longer term, establishing international funding and technology transfer mechanisms based on a comprehensive climate agreement is desirable.

Remote communities are geographical hotspots that suffer the impacts of multiple climate hazards, lacking access to assets, and little adaptive capacity. The Chapter focuses on two very different communities of the Himalaya-Tibetan Plateau (HTP) and the Small Island Developing States (SIDS), situated in both the Pacific and Indian oceans. Capacity building and community-based adaptation is needed for these vulnerable countries. Climate hazards disrupt ecosystem services that support human health and livelihoods, and climate impacts will affect health systems and cause fatalities through various means. Climate-induced threats to food security will lead to increasing malnutrition and consequent nutrition disorders, with implications for child growth and development. Important for small and remote communities is access to information on climate change and its impacts. While awareness-raising activities are becoming more evident, there is still a great need to strengthen climate information networks that clearly outline social vulnerabilities. For this reason, more emphasis on community-based activities to strengthen their adaptive capacity is needed where all sectors are involved and where climate change is integrated and mainstreamed through national adaptation and sustainable development plans.

Keywords

Climate governance Human health Climate society Remote communities Climate resilience Vulnerability 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kanayathu Koshy
    • 1
    Email author
  • Linda Anne Stevenson
    • 2
    Email author
  • Jariya Boonjawat
    • 3
  • John R. Campbell
    • 4
  • Kristie L. Ebi
    • 5
  • Hina Lotia
    • 6
  • Ruben Zondervan
    • 7
  1. 1.Centre for Global Sustainability Studies (CGSS)Universiti Sains MalaysiaPenangMalaysia
  2. 2.Asia-Pacific Network for Global Change Research, APN SecretariatKobeJapan
  3. 3.Southeast Asia START Regional Centre (SEA START RC)Chulalongkorn UniversityBangkokThailand
  4. 4.Te Whare Wānanga o WaikatoThe University of WaikatoHamiltonNew Zealand
  5. 5.ClimAdapt, LLCLos AltosUSA
  6. 6.Programme Development DepartmentLeadership for Environment and Development (LEAD)IslamabadPakistan
  7. 7.Earth System Governance ProjectLund UniversityLundSweden

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