Phenology in Higher Education: Ground-Based and Spatial Analysis Tools

  • Kirsten M. de BeursEmail author
  • Robert B. Cook
  • Susan Mazer
  • Brian Haggerty
  • Alisa Hove
  • Geoffrey M. Henebry
  • LoriAnne Barnett
  • Carolyn L. Thomas
  • Bob R. Pohlad


New spatial analysis methods and an increasing amount of remote sensing data are the necessary tools for scaling from ground-based phenological measurements to larger ecosystem, continental, and global processes. However, since remote sensing data and tools are not straightforward to master, training at the higher education level is often necessary. Curricula and training programs linking these integral components of phenological research are sorely needed because the number of people with requisite skills in the use of a growing array of sophisticated analytical tools and collected remote sensing data is still quite small. In this chapter we provide a series of examples of field-based approaches to college- and university-level phenological education. We then guide the reader through the resources that are available for the integration of remote sensing with land-based phenological monitoring and suggest potential ways of using these resources.


Normalize Difference Vegetation Index Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer Enhance Vegetation Index Image Time Series 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



We would like to acknowledge Elisabeth Beaubien for her substantial contributions to an earlier version of this chapter.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kirsten M. de Beurs
    • 1
    Email author
  • Robert B. Cook
    • 2
  • Susan Mazer
    • 3
  • Brian Haggerty
    • 3
  • Alisa Hove
    • 4
  • Geoffrey M. Henebry
    • 5
  • LoriAnne Barnett
    • 6
  • Carolyn L. Thomas
    • 7
  • Bob R. Pohlad
    • 7
  1. 1.Department of Geography and Environmental SustainabilityThe University of OklahomaNormanUSA
  2. 2.Environmental Sciences DivisionOak Ridge National LaboratoryOak RidgeUSA
  3. 3.Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Marine BiologyUniversity of CaliforniaSanta BarbaraUSA
  4. 4.Biology DepartmentWarren Wilson CollegeAshevilleUSA
  5. 5.Geographic Information Science Center of ExcellenceSouth Dakota State UniversityBrookingsUSA
  6. 6.Education ProgramUSA National Phenology Network, National Coordinating OfficeTucsonUSA
  7. 7.Ferrum CollegeSchool of Natural Sciences and MathematicsFerrumUSA

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