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Australia and New Zealand

  • Marie R. KeatleyEmail author
  • Lynda E. Chambers
  • Rebecca Phillips
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter outlines the historical context of phenological observation and study in Australia and New Zealand. Details of early records are given as they provide a valuable baseline against which current phenology may be assessed. It also summarizes the results of phenological studies undertaken in recent years and identifies further long-term phenological data yet to be analysed. The information presented here begins to address the acknowledged lack of phenological studies undertaken in both countries. Community-based phenological networks and their contribution to the collection of phenological data are also described.

Keywords

Traditional Ecological Knowledge Phenological Observation Phenological Study Breeding Timing Seasonal Calendar 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank Rebecca Darbyshire, University of Melbourne for supplying the details of the apple, pear and peach data, Jennifer Gardner, Waite Arboretum, University of Adelaide for information on the flowering of eucalypts and ornamental plums at the Waite Arboretum, Fran MacGillivray, University of Adelaide for additional information on the ornamental plums, Peter Smith and Judy Smith of P. & J. Smith Ecological Consultants, for providing a copy of their paper prior to publication, Owen Bassett, Forest Solutions for an early copy of his report. We would also like to thank Amy Winnard, Bureau of Meteorology for assistance with sourcing many of the papers on New Zealand phenology as well as the Australian National Meteorological Library for their assistance in sourcing historical information. We would also like to thank Tim Fletcher, University of Melbourne, and Lesley Hughes, Macquarie University, and to the anonymous reviewer for providing helpful comments on the manuscript.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marie R. Keatley
    • 1
    Email author
  • Lynda E. Chambers
    • 2
  • Rebecca Phillips
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Forest and Ecosystem ScienceUniversity of MelbourneCreswickAustralia
  2. 2.Centre for Australian Weather and Climate ResearchBureau of MeteorologyMelbourneAustralia
  3. 3.Traditional Ecological Knowledge CoordinatorParks VictoriaMelbourneAustralia

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