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Management of Wetlands for Wildlife

Chapter

Abstract

Wetlands are highly productive ecosystems that provide habitat for a diversity of wildlife species and afford various ecosystem services. Managing wetlands effectively requires an understanding of basic ecosystem processes, animal and plant life history strategies, and principles of wildlife management. Management techniques that are used differ depending on target species, coastal versus interior wetlands, and available infrastructure, resources, and management objectives. Ideally, wetlands are managed as a complex, with many successional stages and hydroperiods represented in close proximity. Managing wetland wildlife typically involves manipulating water levels and vegetation in the wetland, and providing an upland buffer. Commonly, levees and water control structures are used to manipulate wetland hydrology in combination with other management techniques (e.g., disking, burning, herbicide application) to create desired plant and wildlife responses. In the United States, several conservation programs are available to assist landowners in developing wetland management infrastructure on their property. Managing wetlands to increase habitat quality for wildlife is critical, considering this ecosystem is one of the most imperiled in the world.

Keywords

Coastal Wetland Emergent Vegetation Coastal Marsh Submerse Aquatic Vegetation Conservation Reserve Program 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Supplementary material

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Forestry, Wildlife and FisheriesUniversity of TennesseeKnoxvilleUSA
  2. 2.Forbes Biological Station, Illinois Natural History SurveyHavanaUSA
  3. 3.School of Renewable Natural ResourcesLouisiana State University Agricultural CenterBaton RougeUSA
  4. 4.U.S. Geological Survey, South Dakota Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit, Department of Natural Resource ManagementSouth Dakota State UniversityBrookingsUSA

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