Advertisement

Oman-India Relations: Exploring the Long-Term Migration Dynamics

  • Samir PradhanEmail author
Chapter
Part of the United Nations University Series on Regionalism book series (UNSR, volume 6)

Abstract

This chapter sets out to illustrate the nature of the Oman-India civilizational relationship through the perusal of the migration dynamics that have facilitated the process of regionalization. The historical legacy that goes back to the Byzantine trading and migration links people resulted in a robust and enduring relationship stretching across many centuries. While the historicity of migration reveals nostalgic nuances of people’s movement, it also brings out the other important dimensions and intricacies that influence and determine the scope and breadth of Omani-Indian interactions. Important among them is the trend of Indian migrants settling in Oman and their economic, social and cultural orientations that have crucial effects on Oman and its nationals and the overall process of regionalization. The trajectory of Indian migration to Oman has come full circle: in the earlier era, Indian merchants virtually controlled the Omani economic domain and thereby revolutionized the commercial landscape; the oil era and post-oil era witnessed an influx of skilled and semi-skilled Indian migrants becoming the foot soldiers in the process of the economic development of the Sultanate. While the pattern and level of engagement between the locals and Indian migrants have transformed today, they speak volumes about the role of migration in the process of regionalization. Nevertheless, the role and status of Indian migrants have changed in conformity with the pace and scale of economic development of the Sultanate, being contingent upon the prevailing political, social and cultural undercurrents.

Keywords

United Arab Emirate Foreign Worker Gulf Cooperation Council Gulf Region Foreign Labour 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Allen, J., & Calvin, H. (1981). The Indian merchant community of MasqaỘ. Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, 44(1), 39–53.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Columbia University Press (Ed.). (2008). Columbia encyclopedia. Farmington Hills: Gale Group.Google Scholar
  3. Girgis, M. (2000). Nationals versus migrants: Coping with the change. Paper submitted to the Mediterranean Development Forum Labour Workshop, Cairo, 5–8 Mar 2000.Google Scholar
  4. IMF. (2008). MENA economic developments and prospects: Regional integration for global competitiveness. Washington, DC: International Monetary Fund.Google Scholar
  5. Janardhan, N. (2007). Redefining Gulf labour market rules. In Gulf yearbook (pp. 36–49). Dubai: Gulf Research Center.Google Scholar
  6. Kapiszewski, A. (2001). Nationals and expatriates. Population and labour dilemmas of the GCC states. Reading: Ithaca Press.Google Scholar
  7. Meilaender, P. C. (2001). Towards a theory of immigration. New York: Palgrave.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Miles, S. B. (1966). The countries and tribes of the Persian Gulf (2nd ed.). London: Frank Cass.Google Scholar
  9. National Bank of Kuwait. (2007, April). Kuwait economic and financial review. National Bank of Kuwait, Kuwait.Google Scholar
  10. Pearson, M. N. (1973). Indigenous dominance in a colonial economy: The Goa rendas, 1600–1670. In J. Aubin (Ed.), Mare luso-indicum: Etudes et documents sur l’'histoire de l’océan Indien et des pays riverains à l’époque de la domination portugaise (Vol. II, pp. 61–73). Geneva: Librairie Droz.Google Scholar
  11. Peterson, J. E. (2004). Oman’s diverse society: Northern Oman. Middle East Journal, 58(1), 254–270.Google Scholar
  12. Rajamony, V. (2008, June). India-UAE labor relations. Dubai: Consulate General of India.Google Scholar
  13. Sabban, R. (2002). United Arab Emirates: Migrant women in the United Arab Emirates: The case of female domestic workers (GENPROM Working Paper No. 10). http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---ed_emp/documents/publication/wcms_117955.pdf
  14. Shaham, D. (2008). Foreign labor in the Arab Gulf: Challenges to nationalization, Al Nakhlah, The Fletcher School Online Journal for Southwest Asia and Islamic Civilization, pp. 1–14.Google Scholar
  15. Sultanate of Oman. Ministry of National Economy. (2009). Statistical year book. Muscat: MoNE.Google Scholar
  16. Tanmia. (2004). Labour Survey in the UAE. Dubai: Tanmia.Google Scholar
  17. Thapar, R. (1975). A possible identification of MeluÌÌa, Dilmun and Makan. Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient, 18(1), 1–42.Google Scholar
  18. UNESCWA. (2009, 2004, 1995). Survey of economic and social developments. Beirut: United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia.Google Scholar
  19. United Nations (UN). (2009). World population prospects: The 2008 review. http://www.un.org/esa/population/publications/wpp2008/wpp2008_text_tables.pdf
  20. Walter de Gray Birch, W. (Ed.). (1875). Afonso de Albuquerque, The commentaries of the great Afonso Dalaboquerque, second Viceroy of India (Vol. 1, pp. 99–100). London.Google Scholar
  21. Weiner, M. (1982). International migration and development: Indians in the Persian Gulf. Population and Development Review, 8(1), 1–36.Google Scholar
  22. Wellsted, L. (1837). Narrative of a journey into the interior of Oman, in 1835. Journal of the Royal Geographical Society of London, 7, 102–113.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Winckler, O. (2002). The demographic dilemma of the Arab world: The employment aspect. Journal of Contemporary History, 37(4), 617–636.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. World Bank. (2008). Migration and remittances factbook 2008. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Macroeconomics Research, TanweenDohaQatar

Personalised recommendations