Advertisement

Mortality

  • Farhat Yusuf
  • Jo. M. Martins
  • David A. Swanson
Chapter
  • 3.1k Downloads

Abstract

The cross-sectional and longitudinal (cohort) concepts are considered in the context of mortality. These included crude death and age-specific mortality rates and examples are given. The relevance to age-specific mortality rates to the calculation of survival rates is indicated. Different types of mortality rates are discussed and their estimation is illustrated, such as cause-specific death rates, infant mortality rate and its neonatal, postnatal and perinatal components, and maternal mortality rate. A section on the estimation of abortion rates and ratios is included. In addition, characteristic-specific mortality rates are discussed. Further, the concept of potential years of life lost is introduced and its measurement is shown.

Keywords

Live Birth Infant Death Maternal Mortality Maternal Death Human Development Index 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Anderson, R. N. (2002). Deaths: leading causes for 2000. National Vital Statistics Reports, 50(16), 1–85. http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr50/nvsr50_16.pdf. Accessed Feb 2013.
  2. Australia. (2010a). Population by age and sex, Australian States and Territories, June 2010 (Catalogue No. 3201.0). Canberra: Australian Bureau of Statistics. http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/mf/3201.0. Accessed Feb 2013.
  3. Australia. (2010b). 2009 births Australia (Catalogue No. 3301.0). Canberra: Australian Bureau of Statistics. http://www.ausstats.abs.gov.au/ausstats/subscriber.nsf/0/10BEDC49AFCACC1FCA2577CF000DF7AB/$File/33010_2009.pdf. Accessed Feb 2013.
  4. Australia. (2011). 2010 deaths Australia (Catalogue No. 3302.0). Canberra: Australian Bureau of Statistics.http://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/DetailsPage/3302.02010. Accessed Feb 2013.
  5. Australia. (2012). Causes of death Australia (Catalogue No. 3303.0). Canberra: Australian Bureau of Statistics. http://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/DetailsPage/3303.02010?OpenDocument.
  6. Japan. (2012). Population and households. In Historical statistics of Japan (Chapter 2, Population (table 2.3), and vital statistics (table 2.30a)). Tokyo: Statistics Bureau. http://www.stat.go.jp/english/data/chouki/02.htm. Accessed Feb 2013.
  7. Murphy, S. L., Xu, J., & Kochanek, K. D. (2012). Deaths: Preliminary data for 2010. National Vital Statistics Reports, 60(4), 1–51. http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr60/nvsr60_04.pdf. Accessed Feb 2013.
  8. Netherlands. (2012a). StatLine – Causes of death; main primary causes of death, sex and age, 2011. Den Haag/Heerlen: Centraal Bureau voor de Statistiek. http://statline.cbs.nl/StatWeb/publication/?VW=T&DM=SLEN&PA=7052eng&LA=EN. Accessed Feb 2013.
  9. Netherlands. (2012b). StatLine – Population; key figures. Den Haag/Heerlen: Centraal Bureau voor de Statistiek. http://statline.cbs.nl/StatWeb/publication/?DM=SLEN&PA=37296eng&D1=0-51,56-68&D2=0,10,20,30,40,50,(l-1)-l&LA=EN&VW=T. Accessed Feb 2013.
  10. South Australia. (2012). Seventh annual report of the South Australian Abortion Reporting Committee, 2009. First session, Fifty-Second Parliament. Adelaide: Parliament of South Australia.Google Scholar
  11. Stockwell, E. G., & Wicks, J. (1987). The age-cause proxy relationship in infant mortality. Social Biology, 34, 249–253.Google Scholar
  12. Sullivan, E. A., Hall, B., & King, J. F. (2008). Maternal deaths in Australia 2003–2005 (Maternal deaths series no. 3). Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. http://www.aihw.gov.au/WorkArea/DownloadAsset.aspx?id=10737421514. Accessed Feb 2013.
  13. Swanson, D. A., & Stephan, G. E. (2004). Glossary. In J. Siegel & D. A. Swanson (Eds.), The methods and materials of demography (2nd ed., pp. 751–786). San Diego: Elsevier Academic Press.Google Scholar
  14. UNDP. (2011). Human development report 2011. Sustainability and equity: A better future for all. New York: United Nations Development Programme. http://hdr.undp.org/en/reports/global/hdr2011/. Accessed Feb 2013.
  15. United Kingdom. (2007). Mortality statistics: General, England and Wales (Series DH1: discontinued) – No. 38, 2005. Newport: Office of National Statistics. http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/search/index.html?newquery=dh1%2C+no.+38%2C+2005. Accessed Feb 2013.
  16. United Kingdom. (2009). Mortality statistics: Childhood, infant and perinatal, England and Wales (Series DH 3) No. 40, 2007. Newport: Office of National Statistics. http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/search/index.html?newquery=DH3%2C+No.+40%2C+2007. Accessed Feb 2013.
  17. United Kingdom. (2010). Abortion statistics, England and Wales, 2009. London: Department of Health. http://www.dh.gov.uk/en/Publicationsandstatistics/Publications/PublicationsStatistics/DH_116039. Accessed Feb 2013.
  18. United Nations. (2008). Demographic yearbook 2008. New York: Department of Economic and Social Affairs. http://unstats.un.org/unsd/demographic/products/dyb/dyb2008.htm. Accessed Feb 2013.
  19. United Nations. (2012). Demographic yearbook 2009–10. New York: Department of Economic and Social Affairs. http://unstats.un.org/unsd/demographic/products/dyb/dyb2009-2010.htm. Accessed Feb 2013.
  20. United States. (2009). National vital statistics system, HIST290. Death rates for selected causes by 10-year age groups, race, and sex: Death registration states, 1900–32, and United States, 1933–98. Atlanta: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nvss/mortality/hist290.htm. Accessed Feb 2013.
  21. WHO. (2007a). Maternal mortality in 2005: Estimates developed by WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA and The World Bank. Geneva: World Health Organization. www.who.int/maternal_child_adolescent/documents/9789241596213/en/index.html. Accessed Feb 2013.
  22. WHO. (2007b). Neonatal and perinatal mortality: Country, regional and global estimates. Geneva: World Health Organization. http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2007/9789241596145_eng.pdf. Accessed Feb 2013.
  23. WHO. (2010). International classification of diseases (ICD). Geneva: World Health Organization. http://www.who.int/classifications/icd/en/index.html. Accessed Feb 2013.
  24. WHO. (2013). WHO mortality database: Tables. Geneva: World Health Organization. http://www.who.int/healthinfo/mortality_data/en/. Accessed Feb 2013.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht. 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Farhat Yusuf
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jo. M. Martins
    • 2
  • David A. Swanson
    • 3
  1. 1.Menzies Centre for Health Policy Sydney School of Public HealthThe University of SydneySydneyAustralia
  2. 2.Department of Marketing and Management Faculty of Business and EconomicsMacquarie UniversityNorth RydeAustralia
  3. 3.Department of Sociology College of Humanities, Arts and Social SciencesUniversity of California RiversideRiversideUSA

Personalised recommendations