The cross-sectional and longitudinal (cohort) concepts are considered in the context of mortality. These included crude death and age-specific mortality rates and examples are given. The relevance to age-specific mortality rates to the calculation of survival rates is indicated. Different types of mortality rates are discussed and their estimation is illustrated, such as cause-specific death rates, infant mortality rate and its neonatal, postnatal and perinatal components, and maternal mortality rate. A section on the estimation of abortion rates and ratios is included. In addition, characteristic-specific mortality rates are discussed. Further, the concept of potential years of life lost is introduced and its measurement is shown.
KeywordsLive Birth Infant Death Maternal Mortality Maternal Death Human Development Index
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