Classification of Fracture Processes

  • Meinhard KunaEmail author
Part of the Solid Mechanics and Its Applications book series (SMIA, volume 201)


Fracture processes are classified based on quite different individual aspects. The reason for that is the tremendous variety in which fracture processes appear and the diverse reasons leading to failure. First and foremost, a fracture depends on the properties of the considered material because the damage processes happening on a micro-structural level in the material determine its characteristic behavior. These microscopic structures and failure mechanisms vary diversely in the lineup of engineering materials. Just as important for fracture behavior is the type of external loading of the component. In this category one can differentiate between e.g. fractures due to static, dynamic or cyclic loading. Further important factors are the temperature, the multiaxiality of the loading, the rate of deformation and the chemical or environmental conditions.


Principal Stress Crack Growth Rate Fracture Process Cleavage Fracture Inelastic Deformation 
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    Engel L, Klingele H (1982) Rasterelektronenmikroskopische Untersuchungen von Metallschäden. Gerling-Institut für Schadensforschung und Schadensverhütung, KölnGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute für Mechanik und FluiddynamikTU Bergakademie FreibergFreibergGermany

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