Classification of Fracture Processes
Fracture processes are classified based on quite different individual aspects. The reason for that is the tremendous variety in which fracture processes appear and the diverse reasons leading to failure. First and foremost, a fracture depends on the properties of the considered material because the damage processes happening on a micro-structural level in the material determine its characteristic behavior. These microscopic structures and failure mechanisms vary diversely in the lineup of engineering materials. Just as important for fracture behavior is the type of external loading of the component. In this category one can differentiate between e.g. fractures due to static, dynamic or cyclic loading. Further important factors are the temperature, the multiaxiality of the loading, the rate of deformation and the chemical or environmental conditions.
KeywordsPrincipal Stress Crack Growth Rate Fracture Process Cleavage Fracture Inelastic Deformation
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