Elite Vision Before People: State Entrepreneurialism and the Limits of Participation

Chapter
Part of the Advances in Asian Human-Environmental Research book series (AAHER)

Abstract

This chapter examines a redevelopment project in Guangzhou, China, discussing the extent to which the local state has actively sought to bring about the commodification of a historic inner-city residential neighbourhood. It is argued that while local residents attempted to raise issues in various “sanctioned” spaces organised by the government, their voices to influence the fate of their own neighbourhoods were overshadowed by the local leaders’ ambition to tap into the developmental potential of local places.

Nevertheless, it is also shown from the residents’ efforts that what may be necessary for local residents is perhaps an instance of collective mobilisation on the basis of their own vision of neighbourhood and city development, garnering support from the wider society. This becomes all the more important as Guangzhou matures and is expected to inevitably give more emphasis on the reuse of existing urban fabric.

Keywords

Enning Road Three Olds Redevelopment Old town redevelopment Public participation Limits of participation State entrepreneurialism 

References

  1. Appadurai A (2002) Deep democracy: urban governmentality and the horizon of politics. Public Cult 14(1):21–47CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Chien SS (2010) Economic freedom and political control in post-Mao China: a perspective of upward accountability and asymmetric decentralization. Asian J Polit Sci 18(1):69–89CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Diamant NJ, Lubman SB, O’Brien KJ (2005) Law and society in the People’s Republic of China. In: Diamant NJ et al (eds) Engaging the law in China: state, society, and possibilities of justice. Stanford University Press, Stanford, pp 3–27Google Scholar
  4. Guangzhou Daily (2007a) Enning Road old city redevelopment not to disturb Xiguan culture (Enninglu jiucheng gaizao bu jingdong Xiguan wenhua). http://news.sina.com.cn/o/2007-03-21/061211457935s.shtml. Accessed 21 Mar
  5. Guangzhou Daily (2007b) Enning Road’s Qilou arcade to be strictly protected and Jinsheng theatre not to be demolished (Enninglu qiloujie jiang yange bao Jinsheng dianyingyuan buhui chai). http://gz.focus.cn/news/2007-07-13/335972.html. Accessed 13 Jul
  6. Guangzhou Daily (2008) Enning Road demolition compensation standard does not change (Enninglu chaiqian buchang biaozhun bubian). http://gzdaily.dayoo.com/html/2008-11/08/content_370392.htm. Accessed 8 Nov
  7. Guangzhou Daily (2010) “Three Olds Redevelopment” welcomed and Liwan signs 9.76 billion worth (of) agreements (“Sanjiu gaizao” cheng xiang bobo Liwan fugang qianxia 97.6 yi da dan). http://news.dayoo.com/guangzhou/201003/23/73437_12320699.htm. Accessed 23 Mar
  8. Guangzhou Daily (2012a) 78 neighbours appeal for the inclusion of Enning Road in “historic and culture district” (78 ming jiefag huyu Enninglu jieru “lishi wenhua jiequ”). http://news.dayoo.com/guangzhou/201202/04/73437_21902996.htm. Accessed 4 Feb
  9. Guangzhou Daily (2012b) Relocatee household who refused to hand over house after receiving money to buy a house loses a court battle (Lingqian maifanghou jujue jiaowu chaiqianhu zhongshen beipan baisu). http://life.dayoo.com/house/201207/17/95255_25043083.htm. Accessed 17 Jul
  10. Guangzhou Municipal Planning Bureau (2012) Guangzhou historic and cultural preservation plan. http://www.upo.gov.cn/pages/zt/ghl/lswhmcbhgh/Chengqu.htm. Accessed 10 Oct
  11. Heilmann S (2008) From local experiments to national policy: the origins of China’s distinctive policy process. China J 59:1–30Google Scholar
  12. Hess S (2010) Nail-houses, land rights, and frames of injustice on China’s protest landscape. Asian Survey 50(5):908–926CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Hsing YT (2010) The great urban transformation: politics of land and property in China. Oxford University Press, OxfordCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Liwan District Government (2007a) Duobao Street earnestly launches the preliminary works for the Enning Road redevelopment (Duobaojie renzhen kaizhan Enning dikuai lianpian gaizao qianqi gongzuo). http://www.lw.gov.cn/zwgk/13114/13115/mryw/jdxx/200703/t20070302_62300.htm. Accessed 5 Mar
  15. Liwan District Government (2007b) Duobao Street listens to the aspirations of the resident representatives carrying out Enning Road redevelopment works (Duobaojie tingqu jumin daibiao xinsheng, zuohao Enninglu lianpian weigai gongzuo). http://www.lw.gov.cn/zwgk/13114/13115/mryw/jdxx/200911/t20091106_93576.htm. Accessed 15 Mar
  16. Liwan District Government (2007c) Leaders of Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference in Guangzhou visiting Duobao Street to develop the research on the dilapidated and dangerous houses in Enning Road. http://www.lw.gov.cn/zwgk/13114/13115/mryw/jdxx/200704/t20070402_62468.htm. Accessed 3 Apr
  17. Liwan District Government (2009) Enning Road’s revised plan solicits comments (Enninglu jiucheng gengxin fang’an zhengqiu yijian). http://www.lw.gov.cn/zwgk/13114/13167/200912/t20091221_97816.htm. Accessed 21 Dec
  18. Lu L, McCarthy L (2008) Spatial restructuring in urban China amid globalization and economic reform: the case of Guangzhou. Built Environ 34(4):444–463CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Ma LJC (2009) Viewpoint: China’s authoritarian capitalism: growth, elitism and legitimacy. Int Dev Plann Rev 31(1):i–xiiCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Nandu Weekly (2010) Guangzhou youth make documentaries, concerned about the old city redevelopment (Guangzhou nianqingren pai jilupian guanzhu jiucheng gaizao). http://city.sina.com.cn/focus/t/2010-08-04/14546913.html. Accessed 4 Aug
  21. Nanfang Daily (2007) Zhang Guangning: municipal government can make advance payment for old city redevelopment (Zhang Guangning: jiucheng gaizao ke you shifu chuqian dianzhi). http://www.southcn.com/news/gdnews/sd/200701230200.htm. Accessed 23 Jan
  22. Nanfang Dushibao (2008) Enning Road’s average compensation reaches 9,000 yuan per square metre (Enninglu buchang junjia 9000 yuan/m2). http://news.nfmedia.com/epaper/nfds/content/20080515/ArticelA41002FM.htm. Accessed 15 May
  23. Nanfang Dushibao (2010) Four years of Enning Road relocation, 444 households still to move (Enninglu dongqian sinian, 444 hu jumin reng weiban). http://gcontent.oeeee.com/f/19/f197002b9a0853ec/Blog/ad5/f51e50.html. Accessed 30 Aug
  24. Nanfang Daily (2011a) Complete picture of the new plan for Enning Road in Guangzhou revealed: original residents able to live in the buildings from the Republic era (Guangzhou Enninglu xin guihua quanmao pi: yuan zhumin ke zhu minguo jianzhu). http://news.gz.soufun.com/2011-07-06/5362737_all.html. Accessed 6 Jul
  25. Nanfang Daily (2011b) Enning Road’s detailed demolition boundary unveiled. More than half of the buildings to be retained (Enninglu xiang chai fanwei jiekai miansha guaban jianzhu dou jiang baoliu). http://house.southcn.com/f/2011-07/07/content_26473832.htm. Accessed 7 Jul
  26. News Express (2007) Enning Road residents: our aspirations should be heard before demolition (Enninglu jumin: chaiqian qian ying ting women xinsheng). http://www.ycwb.com/xkb/2007-12/11/content_1716761.htm. Accessed 11 Dec
  27. News Express (2010a) 183 households collectively oppose Enning Road conservation and development plan proposal (183 hu jumin lianming fandui Enninglu baohu kaifa guihua fang’an). http://news.ycwb.com/2010-02/05/content_2423503.htm. Accessed 5 Feb
  28. News Express (2010b) Proposal magnate committee member says Enning Road demolition should stop comprehensive demolition (Ti’an dawang weiyuan: Enninglu ying tingzhi quanmian chaiqian). http://news.xkb.com.cn/shendu/2010/0412/55622.html. Accessed 12 Apr
  29. Peerenboom R (2002) Let one hundred flowers bloom, one hundred schools contend: debating rule of law in China. Mich J Int Law 23(2):471–544Google Scholar
  30. Plummer J, Taylor JG (eds) (2004) Community participation in China: issues and processes for capacity building. Earthscan, LondonGoogle Scholar
  31. Ren X (2008) Forward to the past: historical preservation in globalizing Shanghai. City Community 7(1):23–43CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Saich T (2004) Governance and politics in China, 2nd edn. Palgrave Macmillan, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  33. Shatkin G (2008) The city and the bottom line: urban mega-projects and the privatization of planning in Southeast Asia. Environ Plann A 40(2):383–401CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Information Times (Xinxi Shibao) (2007) Committee of urban construction, environment and resources: Enning Road demolition to be completed in the first half of next year (Chengjian huanziwei: Enninglu chaiqian mingnian shangbannian wancheng). http://www.yznews.com.cn/fc/2007-03/31/content_512742.htm. Accessed 31 Mar
  35. Information Times (Xinxi Shibao) (2009) Enning Road redevelopment not to build housing or high-rises (Enninglu gaizao bu jian zhuzhai, gaolou). http://informationtimes.dayoo.com/html/2009-07/31/content_651998.htm. Accessed 31 Jul
  36. Shin HB (2007) Residential redevelopment and social impacts in Beijing. In: Wu F (ed) China’s emerging cities: the making of new urbanism. Routledge, London, pp 163–184Google Scholar
  37. Shin HB (2008) Driven to swim with the tide? Urban redevelopment and community participation in China. Case paper No 130 in Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion. London School of Economics and Political Science, LondonGoogle Scholar
  38. Shin HB (2009) Residential redevelopment and (the) entrepreneurial local state: the implications of Beijing’s shifting emphasis on urban redevelopment policies. Urban Stud 46(13):2815–2839CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Shin HB (2010) Urban conservation and revalorisation of dilapidated historic quarters: the case of Nanluoguxiang in Beijing. Cities 27(Supplement 1):S43–S54CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Shin HB (2011) Vertical accumulation and accelerated urbanism: the East Asian experience. In: Gandy M (ed) Urban constellations. Jovis, Berlin, pp 48–53Google Scholar
  41. Shin HB (2012) Unequal cities of spectacle and mega-events in China. City 16(6):728–744Google Scholar
  42. Shin HB (2013) The right to the city and critical reflections on China’s property rights activism. Antipode. doi: 10.1111/anti.12010
  43. Wang SW-H (2011) Commercial gentrification and entrepreneurial governance in Shanghai: a case study of (the) Taikang Road creative cluster. Urban Policy Res 29(4):363–380CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Wu F (2003) The (post-)socialist entrepreneurial city as a state project: Shanghai’s re-globalisation in question. Urban Stud 40(9):1673–1698CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Wu F (2007) Re-orientation of the city plan: strategic planning and design competition in China. Geoforum 38:379–392CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Xinhua News (2006) Enning Road redevelopment to be “unleashed” to developers (Enninglu gaizao dui kaifashang “songbang”). http://www.gd.xinhuanet.com/dishi/2006-12/27/content_8897240.htm. Accessed 27 Dec
  47. Xinhua News (2007) Enning Road redevelopment wins interests from more than ten Hong Kong firms (Enninglu gaizao fugang zhaoshang shouhuo shiyu yixiang). http://www.gd.xinhuanet.com/dishi/2007-03/27/content_9624342.htm. Accessed 27 Mar
  48. Xinhua News (2009) Enning Road conservation and development plan announced for the first time (Enninglu baohu kaifa guihua fang’an shouci gongbu). http://gd.xinhuanet.com/dishi/2009-12/22/content_18565246.htm. Accessed 22 Dec
  49. Yangcheng Wanbao (2008) Enning Road finalises demolition map. Average Compensation reaches 9,000 yuan (Enninglu qiaoding chaiqiantu buchangjia buchangjunjia jiuqian). http://www.ycwb.com/news/2008-05/14/content_1887130.htm. Accessed 14 May
  50. Ye L (2011) Urban regeneration in China: policy, development, and issues. Local Econ 26(5):337–347CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Yip NM, Jiang Y (2011) Homeowners united: the attempt to create lateral networks of homeowners’ association in urban China. J Contemp China 20(72):735–750CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Geography and EnvironmentLondon School of Economics and Political ScienceLondonUK

Personalised recommendations