New Energy Sources and CO2 Treatment

  • Siglinda PerathonerEmail author
  • Gabriele Centi
Part of the Integrated Science & Technology Program book series (ISTP, volume 2)


The conversion of CO2 through the use of renewable energy sources offers new possibilities to develop innovative new approaches to improve sustainability of chemical and energy production. After introducing the topic, this chapter discusses the reuse of CO2 as a valuable carbon source and an effective way to introduce renewable energy in the chemical industry value chain, to improve resource efficiency, and to limit greenhouse gas emissions. The specific challenge of using CO2 for the production of light olefins (ethylene, propylene) is discussed. The recycling of CO2 back to fuels using sunlight (solar fuels) is also briefly analyzed to demonstrate a relevant opportunity to develop effective energy vectors for the storage of solar energy integrated into the existing energy infrastructure and allowing a smooth but fast transition to a more sustainable energy future. The role of these topics for the future strategies of chemical and energy industries, especially in terms of resource efficiency, is also highlighted.


CO2 valorization Renewable energy Solar fuels Olefin from CO2 Sustainable chemistry and energy Resource efficiency 

List of Acronyms




Business as usual

C2, C3…

Hydrocarbons with two or with three atoms of carbon

>C1 (>C5)

Hydrocarbons, or alcohol with more than one (5) atom(s) of carbon


Carbon capture and recycling


Carbon capture and sequestration




Det Norske Veritas, company involved in CCS and in ERC research


US Department of Energy


Dry reforming


Exajoule (1 EJ = 1018 J)


Electrochemical reduction of CO2




Greenhouse gas


Gigaton per year

Gteq CO2

Gigaton of equivalent CO2


Gigaton of oil equivalent


Gigawatt (= 109 W)


International Energy Agency


Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change


Life-cycle assessment




Megaton CO2 per year


Megaton per year


Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate-oxidase


Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

PEM electrolyzer

Proton electrolyte membrane electrolyzer




RCO2 AS is a small research company located in Norway, developing technologies for recycling CO2


Renewable energy


Reversewater gas shift


Substituted natural gas


Solid oxide electrolysis cells


Global total primary energy supply


Terawatt (= 1012 W)


University of California, Los Angeles


United Framework Convention on Climate Change


Zeolite Socony Mobil – 5


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dipartimento di Chimica Industriale ed Ingegneria dei MaterialiUniversity of Messina and INSTM/CASPEMessinaItaly

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