CO2 Capture Transport and Storage, a Promising Technology for Limiting Climate Change

  • Christian FouillacEmail author
Part of the Integrated Science & Technology Program book series (ISTP, volume 2)


On a world-scale basis, fossil fuels are likely to remain the main sources for electricity generation in the twenty-first century, and many industrial processes that are also large CO2 emitters will still be active for many decades. Therefore, carbon capture and storage (CCS) is generally considered a necessary option for reducing CO2 emissions to the atmosphere. This chapter introduces the concept, which consists in the separation of CO2 from energy-related and industrial gas streams, and its transport to a geological storage location where it is permanently and safely stored. The characteristics of the main capture processes: postcombustion, oxycombustion, and precombustion are summarized in terms of energy consumption and costs. Some other possible technological options are briefly described. The methods utilized for CO2 transport are also presented with some cost estimates. The main formation for geological storage—depleted oil and gas fields, deep saline aquifers, and nonexploitable coal seams—are briefly described, with the mechanisms involved in storage operations. Storage capacity evaluations, methodologies for risk assessment and management, are also briefly summarized. The chapter discusses the 14 large-scale integrated CCS projects which are in operation or under construction today, with a rough total storage capacity of 33 million tons a year. This could indicate that provided public awareness, social acceptance, and economic drivers evolve favorably, CCS could play a very significant role in the transition to a future low emission energy use.


CO2 capture Geological storage Implementation costs Risk assessment 

List of Acronyms


Air separation unit


Carbon capture and storage


Clean development mechanism


Conference of the Parties


Carbon Sequestration Leadership Forum


Depleted oil and gas fields


Enhanced coalbed methane


Enhanced gas recovery


Enhanced oil recovery


Emission trading scheme


European Union


Greenhouse gas


International Energy Agency


Integrated gasification combined cycle


Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change


Liquefied natural gas


Massachusetts Institute of Technology


Measure monitoring and verification


MegaPascal (1 MPa = 106 Pa)


Megaton (1 Mt = 106 ton)


Megaton of CO2 per year


MegaWatt (1 MW = 106 W)


Thermal megaWatt


EU program involving both CCS and renewable energy sources (RES) technologies


Nongovernmental organization


Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development


Pascal (Pressure unit:1 atmosphere # 105 Pa)


Deep saline aquifer


United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change


Zero emission platform


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Fouillac ConsultantBeaugencyFrance

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