Sustainable Nuclear Energy Helps Europe to Meet Its Energy Challenges

Chapter
Part of the Integrated Science & Technology Program book series (ISTP, volume 2)

Abstract

The European Sustainable Nuclear Energy Technology Platform (SNETP) now gathers more than 100 organizations (research organizations, utilities, vendors, technology providers, technical safety organizations, universities, consulting companies, and nongovernmental organizations). Its first Strategic Research Agenda (SRA) was edited by a specific Task Group drawing on contributions from more than 160 scientists and engineers from more than 60 member organizations of SNETP and taking into account the feedback obtained from an open public consultation: the SRA provides the foundation for the establishment of joint research priorities that will enable European stakeholders, with the support of the European Commission, to transform a shared vision into reality, thus contributing to European energy policy and in particular, via the European Sustainable Nuclear Industrial Initiative (ESNII), to the objectives of the European Strategic Energy Technology Plan (SET Plan).

This chapter summarizes the contents of the agenda and presents the prospects for the need for hot labs and their application to the different generations of reactors. The implications of the Fukushima accident for SNETP is discussed and the imperative necessity of increased research, education, and training, to reinforce nuclear energy sustainability is also emphasized.

Keywords

Nuclear energy Fission Reactor safety Gen IV ADS 

List of Acronyms

ADS

Accelerator-driven systems

ASTRID

Advanced Sodium Technological Reactor for Industrial Demonstration

CCS

Carbon capture and storage

CEA

Commissariat à l’énergie atomique et aux énergies alternatives (Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission).

dpa

Displacement per atom (irradiation exposure unit)

ENEF

European Nuclear Energy Forum

ENEN

European Nuclear Education Network

EPR

European pressurised water reactor

ESNII

European Sustainable Nuclear Industrial Initiative

ETKM

Education, training, and knowledge management

ETPP

Experimental Technological Pilot Plant

EU

European Union

FNR

Fast neutron reactor

FP6

Framework Program 6

Gen III

Third generation reactors

Gen IV

Fourth generation reactors

GFR

Gas fast reactor

GIF

Generation IV International Forum

JRC EU’s

Joint Research Centre

LFR

Lead fast reactor

LWR

Light water reactor

MOX

Mixed oxide fuel (uranium and plutonium) involving spent fuel treatment

MFSR

Molten salt fast reactor

MYRRHA

Multi-purpose hybrid research reactor for high-tech applications

P&T

Partitioning and transmutation

PSA

Probabilistic safety assessment

PWR

Pressurized water reactors

SCK·CEN

StudieCentrum voor Kernenergie – Centre d’Etude de l’énergie Nucléaire – Belgian Nuclear Research Centre

SCWR

Supercritical water reactor

SET Plan

Strategic Energy Technology Plan

SFR

Sodium fast reactor

SNETP

Sustainable Nuclear Energy Technology Platform

SRA

Strategic Research Agenda

VHTR

Very High Temperature reactor

WETO

World Energy Technology and Climate Policy Outlook

Notes

Acknowledgments 

The author would like to thank the European nuclear energy research community that was represented by the colleagues listed in the SRA report of SNETP and those who authored the IFA SNETP report whose works served to synthesize this chapter.

References

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.SCK·CENMolBelgium

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