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SALICYLIC ACID pp 141-162 | Cite as

Salicylic Acid Biosynthesis and Role in Modulating Terpenoid and Flavonoid Metabolism in Plant Responses to Abiotic Stress

  • T. Tounekti
  • I. Hernández
  • S. Munné-BoschEmail author
Chapter
  • 2.4k Downloads

Abstract

Salicylic acid (SA) is a simple phenolic acid with hormonal function synthesized from the amino acid phenylalanine or chorismate depending on the plant species, developmental stage and growth conditions. This compound plays a key role in plant growth and development, and in plant responses to abiotic stresses such as salinity and drought stress. Under these environmental constraints, plants synthesize a number of secondary metabolites, including flavonoids and terpenoids, with a defence-related function. Here, we will discuss the role of SA in modulating plant responses to abiotic stress, particularly as an inducer of defence responses against salinity and drought stress. Emphasis will be put on discussing the SA signalling pathways that affect flavonoid and terpenoid metabolism as defense compounds against stress.

Keywords

Drought stress Salicylic acid Salt stress Terpenoids Flavonoids 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Support for the research of S.M.-B. laboratory was received through grants BFU2012-32057, BFU2009-07294 and BFU2009-06045 from the Spanish Government, and the ICREA Academia award funded by the Generalitat de Catalunya. “We are also very grateful to the Spanish Government for the “Juan de la Cierva” fellowship given to I.H.”.

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© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Unit of Biodiversity and Valorization of Bioresources in Arid Zones, Faculty of Sciences of GabèsUniversity of GabèsGabèsTunisia
  2. 2.Departament de Biologia VegetalUniversitat de Barcelona, Facultat de BiologiaBarcelonaSpain

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