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SALICYLIC ACID pp 119-140 | Cite as

Endogenous ABA as a Hormonal Intermediate in the Salicylic Acid Induced Protection of Wheat Plants Against Toxic Ions

  • F. M. ShakirovaEmail author
  • M. V. Bezrukova
  • D. R. Maslennikova
Chapter

Abstract

We have previously suggested that endogenous abscisic acid (ABA) may play a role of hormonal intermediate in the implementation of the salicylic acid (SA) induced protection of wheat plants against abiotic stress factors. With the use of an inhibitor of ABA biosynthesis fluridone there were obtained experimental arguments in favor of the key role of rapid reversible accumulation of ABA during the SA-treatment and maintaining elevated levels of ABA in SA-pretreated seedlings subjected to cadmium stress and salinity in the implementation of pre-adaptive and protective action of SA on wheat plants, respectively. Thus, it was detected that pretreatment of wheat seedlings with fluridone prevented SA-induced accumulation of ABA under normal conditions and maintenance under stress of increased ABA content in plants pre-treated with SA. This was manifested in inhibition of SA-induced effects: generation of ROS, activation of phenylalanine ammonia-lyase and antioxidant enzymes and deposition of lignin in the cell walls of roots, as well as the accumulation of wheat germ agglutinin, proline and enhanced transcription of TADHN gene coding for dehydrin that are making an important contribution to the development of plant resistance to oxidative stress and dehydration. In general, this is reflected in the prevention of SA-induced wheat resistance to the effects of toxic ions, as judged by the level of accumulation of MDA, release of electrolytes from the tissues and growth parameters of wheat seedlings. These data provide strong argument in favor of the likelihood of implementation of the endogenous ABA as a hormonal intermediate in triggering the defensive reactions under the influence of SA that form the basis for the development of SA-induced plant resistance to cadmium stress and sodium chloride salinity.

Keywords

Salicylic acid  Abscisic acid  Wheat germ agglutinin  Dehydrin  Proline  Prooxidant-antioxidant balance  Cadmium stress  Salinity  Triticum aestivum 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was partially supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research, project nos. 11-04-01642 and 11-04-97051-povoljie.

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© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. M. Shakirova
    • 1
    Email author
  • M. V. Bezrukova
    • 1
  • D. R. Maslennikova
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Biochemistry and GeneticsUfa Scientific Centre, Russian Academy of SciencesUfaRussia

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