Further Research and Policy Perspectives

  • Dietrich HenckelEmail author
  • Benjamin Könecke
  • Susanne Thomaier
Part of the Urban and Landscape Perspectives book series (URBANLAND, volume 15)


The contribution sums up the role and state of the art of space-time research and practice reflected in this book. The work presented in this volume is based on an exchange of European researchers and practitioners, who collaborate in the ENCiTi network (European Network of City Times). The contributions of this interdisciplinary group have illustrated that the spatio-temporal perspective in urban planning and urban policies can offer new insights for an improvement of the urban quality of life. Each of the authors approaches the topic from a different angle: hence, the book comprises descriptive, analytical as well as normative contributions and theoretical and empirical studies; some authors stress behavioural (temporal) patterns, whereas others emphasise urban structures or policies, shaping urban time spaces; they also differentiate between clock time and experienced time. This final contribution of the book highlights prime fields of further research, which is needed in order to foster the theoretical, methodological, empirical and normative ground of space-time research for it to become a neo-discipline. The following topics are described as possible fields for more in-depth research: rhythm analysis; temporal regulation; temporal efficiency and justice; urban structures, mobility and morphologies; dynamics of temporal changes; actors; time and identity; methods of empirical foundation and evaluation methods.


Space-time research Neo-discipline Future development Overview 


  1. Ascher F (2001) Les Nouveaux principes de l’urbanisme. Editions De L’aube, La Tour d’AiguesGoogle Scholar
  2. Bonfiglioli S (1990) L’Architettura del Tempo. Liguori, NapoliGoogle Scholar
  3. Bonfiglioli S (2001) Comprendere la città del presente e rinnovare il progetto urbano in un’ottica time oriented sono ambizioni dell’urbanistica dei tempi. Territorio 18:30–32Google Scholar
  4. Bonfiglioli S, Mareggi M (1997) Il tempo e la città fra natura e storia. Atlante di progetti sui tempi della città. Urbanistica Quaderni No. 12Google Scholar
  5. Bonfiglioli S, Calza GP, Stabilini S (2009) Contemporary cities as changing architectures of time: concepts and instruments of urban time planning. The case of Bergamo. In: Stolk E, te Brommelstroet M, International New Town Institute (eds) Model town. Using urban simulation in new town planning. SUN, Amsterdam, pp 96–117Google Scholar
  6. Bundesministerium für Frauen, Senioren, Familie und Jugend (BMFSFJ) (2012) Zeit für Familie. Familienzeitpolitik als Chance einer nachhaltigen Familienpolitik. Achter Familienbericht. BerlinGoogle Scholar
  7. Castells M (1997) The power of identity. The information age: economy, society, and culture, vol II. Blackwell, MaldenGoogle Scholar
  8. Council of Europe – The Congress of Local and Regional Authorities (2010). Social time, leisure time: which local time planning policy? Recommendation 295 and Resolution 313 (19th session, 26–28 Oct 2010)Google Scholar
  9. Deutsche Gesellschaft für Zeitpolitik (DGfZP) (German Society for Time Policy) (2012) Accessed 20 Aug 2012
  10. Edensor T (2006) Reconsidering national temporalities: institutional times, everyday routines, serial spaces and synchronicities. Eur J Soc Theory 9(4):525–545CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Edensor T (2010) Geographies of rhythm. Nature, place mobilities and bodies. Ashgate, FarnhamGoogle Scholar
  12. Goodin RE, James MR, Parpo A, Eriksson L (2008) Discretionary time. A new measure of freedom. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Graham S (2007) Temporal aspects of splintering urbanism. In: Henckel D, Pahl-Weber E, Herkommer B (eds) Time space places. Peter Lang, Frankfurt/M, pp 21–35Google Scholar
  14. Graham S, Marvin S (2001) Splintering urbanism. Networked infrastructures, technological mobilities, and the urban condition. Routledge, London/New YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Henckel D (2002) Wer verteilt die Zeit? Oder: Zwei Hände voll Wind. In: Henckel D, Eberling M (eds) Raumzeitpolitik. VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften, Opladen, pp 209–230Google Scholar
  16. Lefebvre H (2004) Rhythmanalysis: space, time and everyday life. Continuum, London/New YorkGoogle Scholar
  17. Levine R (1997) A geography of time. Basic Books, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  18. Lynch K (1972) What time is this place? MIT Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  19. Mareggi M (2011) Ritmi urbani. Maggioli Editore, MilanoGoogle Scholar
  20. MATSim (Multi-Agent Transport Simulation Toolkit Multi-Agent Transport Simulation Toolkit) (2012) Accessed 20 Aug 2012
  21. Mückenberger U (2004) Metronome des Alltags. Betriebliche Zeitpolitiken, lokale Effekte, soziale Regulierung. Edition Sigma, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  22. Mückenberger U (2011) Local time policies in Europe. Time Soc 20:241–273CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Paquot T (2010) L’urbanisme c’est notre affaire! L’Atalante, NantesGoogle Scholar
  24. Rifkin J (1987) Time wars: the primary conflict in human history. Henry Holt and Company, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  25. Rinderspacher J (2004) Vom Geldwohlstand zum Zeitwohlstan – und zurück? Plädoyer für die Politisierung der Zeitpolitik und Versuch einer Standortbestimmung. Bremen (Presentation on the yearly conference of the Deutschen Gesellschaft für Zeitpolitik)Google Scholar
  26. Senseable City Lab (2012) Accessed 20 Aug 2012
  27. Walkable City (2012) Accessed 20 Aug 2012
  28. Wehrmeyer S (2012) Dynamic public transport travel time maps. Accessed 20 Aug 2012
  29. Young M (1988) The metronomic society. Natural rhythms and human timetables. Harvard University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  30. Zajczyk F (2000) Tempi di vita e orari della città. La ricerca sociale e il governo urbano. Franco Angeli, MilanoGoogle Scholar
  31. Zedda R (2009) Tempi della città. Metodi per l’analisi urbana. Angeli, Milano FrancoGoogle Scholar
  32. Zerubavel E (1981) Hidden rhythms. Schedules and calendars in social life. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago/LondonGoogle Scholar
  33. Zerubavel E (1985) The seven day circle. The history and meaning of the week. Free Press, New York/LondonGoogle Scholar
  34. Zöpel C (1988) Die Zeit – ein politisches Feld. Die Neue Gesellschaft/Frankfurter Hefte 1:29–34Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dietrich Henckel
    • 1
    Email author
  • Benjamin Könecke
    • 1
  • Susanne Thomaier
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für Stadt- und RegionalplanungTechnische Universität BerlinBerlinGermany

Personalised recommendations