• David Deterding
  • Salbrina Sharbawi
Part of the Multilingual Education book series (MULT, volume 4)


This chapter discusses data regarding the use of words borrowed from Malay and Arabic into Brunei English, particularly for Islamic matters and also for referring to the activities of the royal family. In five editions of the Borneo Bulletin and five of The Brunei Times from 2011, 258 tokens of words borrowed from Malay and Arabic were found, 167 of them being for religious terms such as doa (‘prayer’) and taqwa (‘piety’). Among the terms for royal activities, the most common are titah (‘speech by the Sultan’) and sabda (‘speech by a prince or other senior royal’). In addition, the chapter discusses some calques from Malay such as ‘four-eye meeting’ and ‘mouse trail’, a few acronyms such as RIPAS and UNISSA, the widespread occurrence of initialisms such as UBD, KB, MIB and GOFR, some words with a semantic shift such as ‘bring’ and ‘send’, and a few neologisms such as ‘cager’ and ‘darter’ for sports personnel.


Foreign Affair Newspaper Data Royal Family Cultural Item Religious Term 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht. 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • David Deterding
    • 1
  • Salbrina Sharbawi
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Arts and Social SciencesUniversity of Brunei DarussalamGadongBrunei Darussalam

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