• David Deterding
  • Salbrina Sharbawi
Part of the Multilingual Education book series (MULT, volume 4)


This chapter considers some aspects about the spoken and written discourse patterns found in Brunei English. It considers the occurrence of discourse particles such as lah and bah as well as ‘sort of’ and ‘kind of’, showing that ‘kind of’ is more common in Brunei than in Britain, perhaps reflecting the influence of American English. In addition, the occurrence of topic fronting, lexical repetition and lexical doublets is discussed, and it is suggested that many of the patterns that are found may be subject to influence from the structure of Malay discourse. Finally, sentence length in Brunei English is considered, and it is suggested that this may similarly reflect the influence of Malay.


Sleep Mode Sentence Length Cruise Ship Discourse Marker Topic Marker 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht. 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • David Deterding
    • 1
  • Salbrina Sharbawi
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Arts and Social SciencesUniversity of Brunei DarussalamGadongBrunei Darussalam

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