• David Deterding
  • Salbrina Sharbawi
Part of the Multilingual Education book series (MULT, volume 4)


This chapter focuses on the phonology of Brunei English, particularly its consonants, vowels, and intonation. Initial voiceless TH is realised as [t] in a little over half of tokens at the start of words such as ‘thought’ and ‘threaten’, final [t] is regularly omitted in phrases such as ‘fist in’, and about half of Bruneians might be classified as rhotic. In evaluating the correlation between the last of these features with the other two, it is found that there is no evidence that rhoticity in Brunei is perceived to be a non-prestigious feature of pronunciation. For the discussion of vowels, about one quarter of the speakers merge the long and short vowels in ‘feast’ and ‘fist’, and lack of reduced vowels in function words such as ‘of’, ‘that’ and ‘had’ is very common. Spelling pronunciation is common in Brunei, especially with the occurrence of [ɒ] in the first syllable of ‘company’. Finally, there is a brief consideration of rhythm, stress placement, and the occurrence of a final rising tone.


Acoustic Measurement Function Word Minimal Pair Implicational Scale Short Vowel 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht. 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • David Deterding
    • 1
  • Salbrina Sharbawi
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Arts and Social SciencesUniversity of Brunei DarussalamGadongBrunei Darussalam

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