Eight Proposals to Construct the Democratic City of the New Millennium

  • Alessandro PlaisantEmail author
Part of the Urban and Landscape Perspectives book series (URBANLAND, volume 14)


European Union instructions and the need to make planning processes effective and efficient require that local government take the responsibility for constructing and implementing processes of interaction at all scales, in order to promote participation and meet with consensus in identifying coherent political choices for governing territorial transformations.

Faced with shaping supra-local government configurations and with the crisis of the traditional instruments of democracy, novel forms of government of the territory are required that might favour, on the one hand, the creation of networks of multiple relations between different subjects, territories and cities, guaranteeing everyone’s rights, and, on the other, the integration of technical, administrative and political capacities of the institutions with capacities, knowledge, practices and experience rooted in the context. It is a case of a process that entails work on constructing shared points of view and sensitivity and forms of mutual learning, through instruments and procedures for the future organisation of the territory.

In Italy, it is by starting above all with local administrations that a democratic space may be developed that is steered towards defining urban policies with a long-term perspective and strategic planning of several years’ duration, underway at the various levels of government of the territory (municipal, inter-municipal, provincial and others), which will involve all contexts (from small towns to metropolises): a perspective that needs suitable techniques and instruments.


Participation Strategic planning Mutual learning Decision aiding 


  1. Al-Kodmany K (1999) Using visualization techniques for enhancing public participation in planning and design: process, implementation, and evaluation. Landsc Urban Plan 45(1):37CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bobbio L (2002) I governi locali nelle democrazie contemporanee. Laterza, RomeGoogle Scholar
  3. Carta dei diritti della città (City rights charter), Declaration of Genoa, 1992Google Scholar
  4. Curti F, Gibelli MC (1999) Pianificazione strategica e gestione dello sviluppo urbano. Alinea, FlorenceGoogle Scholar
  5. Maciocco G (2003) Introduzione. In: Maciocco G, Pittaluga P (eds) Territorio e progetto. Prospettive di ricerca orientate in senso ambientale. FrancoAngeli, MilanGoogle Scholar
  6. Maciocco G, Tagliagambe S (1997) La città possible: territorialità e comunicazione nel progetto urbano. Edizioni Dedalo, BariGoogle Scholar
  7. Mumford L (1954) La cultura delle città. Edizioni di Comunità, Milan. Original title The culture of cities, 1938. Harcourt, Brace and Co., New YorkGoogle Scholar
  8. Odum E (1988) Basi di Ecologia. Piccin, PadovaGoogle Scholar
  9. Plaisant A (2009) La partecipazione nel governo delle trasformazioni del territorio: strumenti innovativi per costruire la città dei diritti. FrancoAngeli, MilanGoogle Scholar
  10. Plaisant A (2011) Elementi per il processo partecipativo. In: Maciocco G, Balestrieri M, Congiu T (eds) Il progetto urbano del territorio. Il piano strategico della Provincia di Sassari. FrancoAngeli, MilanGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Architecture, Design and PlanningUniversity of SassariAlgheroItaly

Personalised recommendations