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Regreening of Yellow Leaves

  • Hrvoje FulgosiEmail author
  • Nikola Ljubešić
  • Mercedes Wrischer
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Photosynthesis and Respiration book series (AIPH, volume 36)

Summary

Yellowing of leaves is the most widely observed manifestation of senescence in plants. Various aspects of this type of programmed cell death are extensively covered elsewhere in this book. One largely overlooked, and perhaps peculiar, feature of plant senescence is regreening of leaves which are already in advanced stages of yellowing. This rejuvenation of main energetic and nutrition tissues is governed by molecular processes and signals which are mostly uncharacterized and poorly understood. Most of the data describing regreening of leaves comes from ultrastructural studies of plastids found in various stages of this process. Reversal of gerontoplast formation has been studied at the level of plastoglobuli formation and disappearance, reassembly of thylakoid structures, lipid remobilization, photosynthetic pigment retention and synthesis. Several investigations have been also focused on naturally occurring regreening models, either induced by insect habitation on leaves, or by physical damage or removal of meristematic tissues. It is now clear that plant hormones, mostly cytokinins, play very important roles in promoting reassembly of the photosynthetic apparatus and the consequent re-establishment of energy supply to the plant. Furthermore, a special kind of regreening was observed in some aurea mutants of deciduous woody species. Aurea mutants are able to regreen their bleached leaves several times during the vegetation season. It seems that remnants of the thylakoid membrane system are necessary for re-assembly of functional thylakoids in plants.

Keywords

Thylakoid Membrane Yellow Leaf Prolamellar Body Soybean Cotyledon Protochlorophyllide Oxidoreductase 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Abbreviations:

DCMU

3-(3,4-diclorophenyl)-1,1-dimethylurea;

DGDG

Digalactosyl diacylglyceride;

Fm

Maximal fluorescence;

Fv

Variable fluorescence or Fm-Fo;

Fv/Fm

Quantum efficiency or yield;

LHCP

Light harvesting chlorophyll protein;

MAPK

Mitogen activated protein kinase;

MDA

Malonyldialdehyde;

MGDG

Monogalactosyl diacylglyceride;

NADPH

Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate;

PI

Performance index;

POR

Protochlorophyllide ­oxidoreductase;

PS

Photosystem;

SOD

Superoxide dismutase

Notes

Acknowledgments

The research in HF laboratory was funded by grant 098-0982913-2838 awarded by Croatian Ministry of Science, Education, and Sports.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hrvoje Fulgosi
    • 1
    Email author
  • Nikola Ljubešić
    • 1
  • Mercedes Wrischer
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory for Electron Microscopy, Division of Molecular BiologyRuder Bošković InstituteZagrebCroatia

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