Cross-Talk of Mitochondria and Chloroplasts

  • Michela ZottiniEmail author
Part of the Advances in Photosynthesis and Respiration book series (AIPH, volume 36)


Mitochondria represent a key organelle in plant cells being involved in many aspects of the plant life: normal cell metabolism, stress response and programmed cell death regulation. In the last 40 years there have been many contributions to understanding those aspects of mitochondrial function in plants, but the availability of genome sequencing data and the development of GFP-based technologies have provided enormous improvements to these studies. Besides the specific molecular composition of the electron transport chain and the pattern of enzymatic pathways that distinguish plant from animal mitochondria, the presence of chloroplasts, with which they interact, contributes to the uniqueness of plant mitochondria and their evolution in the plant eukaryotic cell. Chloroplasts and mitochondria are traditionally considered to be autonomous organelles but they are not as independent as they were once thought to be. Here we will focus on the evidence that contributes to define the metabolic, functional and physical inter-connections between mitochondria and chloroplasts.


Programme Cell Death Betulinic Acid Chloroplast Development Plant Mitochondrion Retrograde Signaling 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



Electrochemical gradient;


Cytosolic calcium concentration;


Mitochondrial calcium concentration;


Abscisic acid insensitive4;


Adenine nucleotide transporter;


Alternative oxidase;


Cyclosporin A;

Cyt c

Cytochrome c;

Cyt f

Cytochrome f;


dinor OPDA;




Arabidopsis fluorescent mutant;


Green fluorescent protein;


Individually darkened leaves;


Mitochondrial intermembrane space;




Methyl jasmonate;


Mitochondrial electron transport chain;


Singlet oxygen;


Outer mitochondrial membrane;


Cyclopentenone 12-oxo-phytodienoic acid;


Programmed cell death;


Permeability transition pore;


Reactive oxygen species;


salicylic acid;

TCA cycle

Tricarboxylic acid cycle;




Voltage-dependent anion channel



This work was supported by grants from the Italian Ministry of University and Research (PRIN), the University of Padua (Progetto di Ateneo), the Veneto Region Innovation Grants, Vigoni-DAAD project.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of BiologyUniversity of PaduaPaduaItaly

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