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Cross-Talk of Mitochondria and Chloroplasts

  • Michela ZottiniEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Photosynthesis and Respiration book series (AIPH, volume 36)

Summary

Mitochondria represent a key organelle in plant cells being involved in many aspects of the plant life: normal cell metabolism, stress response and programmed cell death regulation. In the last 40 years there have been many contributions to understanding those aspects of mitochondrial function in plants, but the availability of genome sequencing data and the development of GFP-based technologies have provided enormous improvements to these studies. Besides the specific molecular composition of the electron transport chain and the pattern of enzymatic pathways that distinguish plant from animal mitochondria, the presence of chloroplasts, with which they interact, contributes to the uniqueness of plant mitochondria and their evolution in the plant eukaryotic cell. Chloroplasts and mitochondria are traditionally considered to be autonomous organelles but they are not as independent as they were once thought to be. Here we will focus on the evidence that contributes to define the metabolic, functional and physical inter-connections between mitochondria and chloroplasts.

Keywords

Programme Cell Death Betulinic Acid Chloroplast Development Plant Mitochondrion Retrograde Signaling 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Abbreviations:

ΔΨ

Electrochemical gradient;

[Ca2+]cyt

Cytosolic calcium concentration;

[Ca2+]mt

Mitochondrial calcium concentration;

ABI4

Abscisic acid insensitive4;

ANT

Adenine nucleotide transporter;

AOX

Alternative oxidase;

CsA

Cyclosporin A;

Cyt c

Cytochrome c;

Cyt f

Cytochrome f;

dnOPDA

dinor OPDA;

FIS1

Fission1;

flu

Arabidopsis fluorescent mutant;

GFP

Green fluorescent protein;

IDL

Individually darkened leaves;

IMS

Mitochondrial intermembrane space;

Ja

Jasmonate;

MeJa

Methyl jasmonate;

mtETC

Mitochondrial electron transport chain;

1O2

Singlet oxygen;

OMM

Outer mitochondrial membrane;

OPDA

Cyclopentenone 12-oxo-phytodienoic acid;

PCD

Programmed cell death;

PTP

Permeability transition pore;

ROS

Reactive oxygen species;

SA

salicylic acid;

TCA cycle

Tricarboxylic acid cycle;

UQ

Ubiquinone;

VDAC

Voltage-dependent anion channel

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by grants from the Italian Ministry of University and Research (PRIN), the University of Padua (Progetto di Ateneo), the Veneto Region Innovation Grants, Vigoni-DAAD project.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of BiologyUniversity of PaduaPaduaItaly

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