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Factor X pp 123-133 | Cite as

Macroeconomic Impacts of Efficient Resource Use

  • Bernd MeyerEmail author
Chapter
  • 727 Downloads
Part of the Eco-Efficiency in Industry and Science book series (ECOE, volume 29)

Abstract

The microeconomic foundation of environmental economics focuses on avoidance of emissions. From a macroeconomic perspective an environmental policy based on this approach faces severe problems: Instruments which succeed in reducing certain emissions often induce others. The article gives concrete examples of this phenomenon. The solution to the problem lies in supplementing the emission-oriented climate policy by a policy that improves material efficiency. The paper discusses results of policy simulations with an economic environmental model which show that an improvement of material efficiency might allow at least a relative decoupling. A combination with a policy that concentrates on technical change in resource important sectors, which the paper identifies, might enable an absolute decoupling. This can also be part of an engaged climate policy, since the most important material input is that of coal in electricity production.

Keywords

Resource Consumption Price Elasticity Economic Instrument Input Coefficient Real Wage Rate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Gesellschaft für Wirtschaftliche Strukturforschung mbHOsnabrückGermany

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