Factor X pp 41-64 | Cite as

Targets for Global Resource Consumption

  • Stefan BringezuEmail author
Part of the Eco-Efficiency in Industry and Science book series (ECOE, volume 29)


Global warming, the overall extraction of minerals and the expansion of cultivated land for biomass harvest are growing globally. These “Big Three” represent key environmental pressures which may lead to a continuous degradation of the living environment, if not controlled at levels with acceptable low risk. The situation is complex, because countries and regions consume products which require resources such as minerals and land in various parts of the world. Nevertheless, it is possible to measure the global resource use which is associated with the domestic consumption. In order to inform policies at the national and supranational level whether it may be necessary to adjust the incentive framework for industry and households, reference data are needed to compare the status quo of their countries with what may be deemed acceptable at a global level. This chapter outlines a rationale for the derivation of possible long-term targets for total material consumption of abiotic materials (TMCabiot) and global land use for crops (GLUcropland). The indicated targets are expressed in tentative per capita values which may serve as a first orientation and basis for further debate and research.


Resource Consumption Environmental Pressure Virtual Water Resource Productivity Global Land 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



 The author would like to thank Helmut Schütz for data checking and Monika Dittrich for the provision of the TMCabiot ** world map.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Wuppertal Institute for Climate, Environment and EnergyWuppertalGermany

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