Work-Based Learning in China

  • Ludger DeitmerEmail author
  • Joanna Burchert
  • Xu Han
Part of the Technical and Vocational Education and Training: Issues, Concerns and Prospects book series (TVET, volume 18)


The actual VET policy in China is followed by three strategies to embed work-based learning at schools: alternating duality, establishing vocational training centres and school-based practice companies. Each of these strategies requires more intense cooperation under schools and companies as currently seen. We wanted to explore the conditions and perspectives of such kind of relationship and conducted case evaluation studies at four Beijing VET schools. This is by using an empowerment-oriented evaluation concept (Fettermann and Kaftian 1996; Deitmer L, Davoine E, Floren H, Heinemann L, Hofmaier B, James C, Manske F, Ursic D, Turner L. Improving the European knowledge base through formative and participative. Evaluation of Science-Industry Liaisons and Public-Private Partnerships (PPP) in R&D. In: Final report of COVOSECO thematic network project, EU STRATA 5th framework programme. University of Bremen, Bremen, 2003). Such kind of evaluation approach delivers not only data material for case-based research, they intend to be also supportive for the actors of the cooperation, here the teachers and company trainers. These actors are stimulated to undertake a more intensive dialogue and are invited to reflect on critical factors influencing good cooperation. The tool helps to unfold different motives, barriers, drivers and threats of the current cooperation case. Such kinds of tools have a clear participative character which stays in contrast to common paradigm of external assessment. These approaches follow a control paradigm by setting indicators, measurement and sanctions. By involving teachers and management into a more participative school development, the commitment for new approaches is increased. But the described efforts are not only supporting they also should help the VET researchers to understand the current developments on the cooperation of the learning venues better.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut Technik & Bildung (ITB)Universität BremenBremenGermany
  2. 2.Shenyang Normal UniversityShenyangChina

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