Apprenticeship, Pathways and Career Guidance: A Cautionary Tale

  • Richard SweetEmail author
Part of the Technical and Vocational Education and Training: Issues, Concerns and Prospects book series (TVET, volume 18)


Apprenticeship is difficult to adopt on a large scale. This is typically explained by institutional factors: regulations and legislation, social partnership, wage rates and training cultures within the firm. Here, attention is focused upon apprenticeship and the interaction between post-compulsory pathways, young people’s aspirations, equity and streaming within the school system and career guidance. In Germany and Switzerland, large apprenticeship systems are associated with low aspirations for tertiary study at the age of 15, high streaming at an early age by achievement and socio-economic status and a strong inverse relationship between equity and the size of vocational pathways. Nordic apprenticeship systems are associated with higher youth aspirations, a lower relationship between equity and pathway size and low class- and achievement-based streaming. Career guidance in the first group of countries heavily favours low achievers at the age of 15. In Nordic countries, it is provided more evenly. In all apprenticeship countries, career guidance has a strong external, experiential and labour market focus.


Labour Market OECD Country Vocational Pathway Career Guidance Social Partnership 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Sweet Group Pty Ltd.KirribilliAustralia

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