The Role of Social Partners and the Status of Apprenticeship in Turkey

  • Özlem ÜnlühisarcıklıEmail author
  • Arjen Vos
Part of the Technical and Vocational Education and Training: Issues, Concerns and Prospects book series (TVET, volume 18)


Apprenticeship in Turkey covers weekly 5 days training in enterprises and 1 day in a training centre to acquire a vocation within the scope of Law No. 3308. Amendments to the Vocational Education Law in 2001 have increased the role of social partners as professional organisations of employers and gave them new planning and implementation responsibilities in training activities. Despite the efforts, the status of apprentices in Turkey has remained rather low. This chapter is based on data gathered through a series of in-depth interviews on the role of social partners in Turkey. The results reveal that to boost up the status of apprenticeship in Turkey, better publicity is needed; a well-established quality monitoring and advising system is to be implemented, and the value and use of the mastership certificate need to be clarified.


Vocational Training Training Centre Social Partner Technology Centre Umbrella Organisation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Akpınar, A., & Ercan, H. (2002).Report on the vocational education and training system in Turkey. Ankara: National Observatory Network.Google Scholar
  2. Demirer, İ., Aslan, S., Erdinç, S., & Kalkan, O. (2008).Involvement of social partners in VET education particularly in tourism and construction. Ankara: unpublished document.Google Scholar
  3. MoNE. (2009).National education statistics: Formal education 2008–2009. Ankara: MoNE.Google Scholar
  4. Parkes, D., Vos, A., & Nikolovska, M. (2009).Involvement of social partners in education and training. Turin: European Training Foundation.Google Scholar
  5. SVET. (2006).Strengthening the role of the social partners and social dialogue in the vocational education and training system in Turkey (Policy paper). Ankara: SVET.Google Scholar
  6. SVET. (2007).Vocational education and training in Turkey (Strategy paper). Ankara: SVET.Google Scholar
  7. TurkStat. (2009).National education statistics, non-formal education, 2007/’08. Ankara: TurkStat.Google Scholar
  8. TurkStat. (2010).Press release: Address based population registration system population census results, 2009. TurkStat (Turkish Statistical Institute). = 6178. Accessed 15 May 2010.
  9. Ünlühisarcıklı, Ö. (2007).Apprenticeship and enterprise-based learning systems in the MEDA region country report: Turkey. Turin: European Training Foundation (Draft Document).Google Scholar
  10. Ünlühisarcıklı, Ö. (2008). Adult and further education: Systematic and historical aspects of non-formal education in Turkey. In A. M. Nohl, A. Akkoyunlu-Wigley, & S. Wigley (Eds.),Education in Turkey: European studies in education (pp. 131–150). Münster: Waxmann.Google Scholar
  11. Vos, A. (2008).Third policy learning workshop Turkey: The apprenticeship system. Turin: European Training Foundation (Workshop Report).Google Scholar
  12. Yazman, İ. (1999).75 soruda İDDG el kitabı. Ankara: International Labour Office.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of EducationBogazici UniversityIstanbulTurkey
  2. 2.Geographical Operations DepartmentETF – European Training FoundationTurinItaly

Personalised recommendations