Successful in Reforming the TVET System and Shaping the Society: The Example of the Mubarak-Kohl Initiative

  • Edda GrunwaldEmail author
  • Bernhard Becker
Part of the Technical and Vocational Education and Training: Issues, Concerns and Prospects book series (TVET, volume 18)


The Mubarak-Kohl Initiative for Dual System (MKI-DS) started in 1994 as an Egyptian-German technical cooperation programme, financed by the German government and supported via the German Technical Cooperation (GTZ). It is now a wholly Egyptian-owned scheme, with governance and implementation of TVET in the hands of the private and public sectors. For 3 years, MKI-DS students attend secondary technical education schools of the Ministry of Education twice a week. They work and learn in the workplace on 4 days a week. Recent tracer studies of graduates show a demonstrable impact on the development of vocational identity among young people. Quantitative and qualitative results reveal impacts on current employment, career plans, job selection, labour market knowledge and job search behaviour. MKI-DS equips graduates with the confidence to make informed choices, negotiate job quality and work with employers appropriately. MKI-DS’s impact counters prevailing cultural perceptions and attitudes regarding the labour market and increases the opportunities for ongoing employment.


Labour Market Business Sector Technical Education Tracer Study Dual System 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.para o Mercado de Trabalho (FormPRO)LuandaAngola
  2. 2.Deutsche Gesellschaft fürInternationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbHLuandaAngola
  3. 3.Institute Technology and EducationUniversity of BremenBremenGermany

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