Advertisement

Variation in soft tissue chemistry among scyphozoan and cubozoan jellyfishes from the Great Barrier Reef, Australia

  • Michelle A. TemplemanEmail author
  • Michael J. Kingsford
JELLYFISH BLOOMS
  • 660 Downloads
Part of the Developments in Hydrobiology book series (DIHY, volume 220)

Abstract

Bioaccumulation of trace elements in jellyfish has so far received little attention, despite their being prey for many animals from multiple trophic levels and targeted by commercial jellyfish fisheries. Scyphozoan and cubozoan jellyfish were collected over a three year period from across-shelf and along the northern and central Great Barrier Reef, Australia. To test the hypotheses that jellyfishes were able to accumulate elements above ambient background levels, and if there were spatial or temporal variations among species, soft tissue concentrations of 14 trace elements were compared with ambient seawater concentrations. Most elements, including aluminium, arsenic, barium, cadmium, chromium, copper, iron, manganese and zinc were measured at concentrations above ambient seawater levels indicating bioaccumulative capacity. Results showed some regulation of lithium in Cassiopea sp., Cyanea sp. and Mastigias sp., while calcium, magnesium and strontium reflected ambient conditions for all species. Accumulation varied significantly among species and sampling locations. For Mastigias sp. and Netrostoma sp., tissue concentrations of Al, As, Cu, Fe and Zn decreased with distance from the mainland. The hypothesis that jellyfishes are capable of accumulating trace elements was accepted, and their use as biomonitors should be investigated further.

Keywords

Jellyfish Scyphozoa Cubozoa Trace elements Heavy metals Great Barrier Reef 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

Acknowledgments

Special thanks go to Dr. Yi Hu for performing the ICP-MS/AES analyses as well as the numerous volunteers who assisted in sampling. Funding for the project was provided by The Marine and Tropical Research Fund (MTSRF), with additional fundings from the Australian Research Council (ARC) to MJ Kingsford, and The Noel and Kate Monkman Postgraduate Award in Marine Biology to MA Templeman.

References

  1. Alamaru, A., O. Bronstein, G. Dishon & Y. Loya, 2009. Opportunistic feeding by the fungiid coral Fungia scruposa on the moon jellyfish Aurelia aurita. Coral Reefs 28: 865.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Arai, M. N., 2005. Predation on pelagic coelentrerates: a review. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 85: 523–536.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Balls, P. W., 1988. The control of trace metals concentrations in coastal seawater through partition onto suspended particulate matter. Netherlands Journal of Sea Research 22: 213–218.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Benson, A. & R. Summons, 1981. Arsenic accumulation in Great Barrier Reef invertebrates. Science 211: 482–483.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bresler, V., A. Abelson, L. Fishelson, T. Feldstein, M. Rosenfeld & O. Mokady, 2003. Marine molluscs in environmental monitoring I. Cellular and molecular responses. Helgolander Marine Research 57: 157–165.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Caurant, F., P. Bustamante, M. Bordes & P. Miramand, 1999. Bioaccumulation of cadmium, copper and zinc in some tissues of three species of marine turtles stranded along the French Atlantic Coasts. Marine Pollution Bulletin 38: 1085–1091.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Chapman, P. M., 1995. Ecotoxicology and pollution – Key issues. Marine Pollution Bulletin 31: 167–177.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Creighton, N. & J. Twining, 2010. Bioaccumulation from food and water of cadmium, selenium and zinc in an estuarine fish, Ambassis jacksoniensis. Marine Pollution Bulletin 60: 1815–1821.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Dauer, D. M., J. A. Ranasinghe & S. B. Weisberg, 2000. Relationships between benthic community condition, water quality, sediment quality, nutrient loads, and land use patterns in Chesapeake Bay. Estuaries and Coasts 23: 80–96.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Depledge, M. H. & P. S. Rainbow, 1990. Models of regulation and accumulation of trace metals in marine invertebrates. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology 97C: 1–7.Google Scholar
  11. Dybas, S. L., 2006. On a collision course: ocean plankton and climate change. BioScience 56: 642–646.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Fowler, S. W., J.-L. Teyssie, O. Cotret, B. Danis, C. Rouleau & M. Warnau, 2004. Applied radiotracer techniques for studying pollutant bioaccumulation in selected marine organisms (jellyfish, crabs and sea stars). Nucleonika 49: 97–100.Google Scholar
  13. Fukuda, Y. & T. Naganuma, 2001. Potential dietary effects on the fatty acid composition of the common jellyfish Aurelia aurita. Marine Biology 138: 1029–1035.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Furla, P., D. Allemand & M.-N. Orsenigo, 2000. Involvement of H+-ATPase and carbonic anhydrase in inorganic carbon uptake for endosymbiotic photosynthesis. American Journal of Physiology – Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology 278: 870–881.Google Scholar
  15. Graham, W. M., D. L. Martin, D. L. Felder, V. L. Asper & H. M. Perry, 2003. Ecological and economic implications of a tropical jellyfish invader in the Gulf of Mexico. Biological Invasions 5: 53–69.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Hanaoka, K., H. Ohno, N. Wada, S. Ueno, W. Goessler, D. Kuehnelt, C. Schlagenhaufen, T. Kaise & K. J. Irgolic, 2001. Occurrence of organo-arsenicals in jellyfishes and their mucus. Chemosphere 44: 743–749.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Harland, A. D. & N. R. Nganro, 1990. Copper uptake by the sea anemone Anemonia viridis and the role of zooxanthellae in metal regulation. Marine Biology 104: 297–301.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Harrison, N. M., 1984. Predation on jellyfish and their associates by seabirds. Limnology and Oceanography 29: 1335–1337.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Hay, S., 2006. Marine ecology: gelatinous bells may ring change in marine ecosystems. Current Biology 16: R679–R682.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Haynes, D. & J. E. Johnson, 2000. Organochlorine, heavy metal and polyaromatic hydrocarbon pollutant concentrations in the Great Barrier Reef (Australia) environment: a review. Marine Pollution Bulletin 41: 267–278.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Haynes, D. & K. Michalek-Wagner, 2000. Water quality in the Great Barrier Reef World Heritage Area: past perspectives, current issues and new research directions. Marine Pollution Bulletin 41: 428–434.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Heeger, T., U. Piatkowski & H. Möller, 1992. Predation on jellyfish by the cephalopod Argonauta argo. Marine Ecology Progress Series 88: 293–296.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Heymans, J. J. & D. Baird, 2000. A carbon flow model and network analysis of the northern Benguela upwelling system, Namibia. Ecological Modelling 126: 9–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Ives, A. R. & S. R. Carpenter, 2007. Stability and diversity of ecosystems. Science 317: 58–62.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Jantzen, C., C. Wild, M. Rasheed, M. El-Zibdah & C. Richter, 2010. Enhanced porewater nutrient fluxes by the upside-down jellyfish Cassiopea sp. in a Red Sea coral reef. Marine Ecology Progress Series 411: 117–125.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Kingsford, M. J., K. A. Pitt & B. M. Gillanders, 2000. Management of jellyfish fisheries, with special reference to the order Rhizostomeae. Oceanography and Marine Biology: An Annual Review 38: 85–156.Google Scholar
  27. Kitamura, M. & M. Omori, 2010. Synopsis of edible jellyfishes collected from Southeast Asia, with notes on jellyfish fisheries. Plankton and Benthos Research 5: 106–118.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Legendre, P. & L. Legendre, 2003. Numerical Ecology. Elsevier Science, Amsterdam.Google Scholar
  29. Lopes, C. B., M. E. Pereira, C. Vale, A. I. Lillebo, M. A. Pardal & A. C. Duarte, 2007. Assessment of spatial environmental quality status in Ria de Aveiro (Portugal). Scientia Marina 71: 293–304.Google Scholar
  30. Luoma, S. N. & P. S. Rainbow, 2008. Metal Contamination in Aquatic Environments: Science and Lateral Management. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.Google Scholar
  31. Parametrix, 1995. Persistence, Bioaccumulation and Toxicity of Metals and Metal Compounds. ICME, Ottawa: 93 pp.Google Scholar
  32. Pauly, D., W. Graham, S. Libralato, L. Morissette & M. L. D. Palomares, 2009. Jellyfish in ecosystems, online databases, and ecosystem models. Hydrobiologia 616: 67–85.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Pitt, K. A., D. T. Welsh & R. H. Condon, 2009. Influence of jellyfish blooms on carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus cycling and plankton production. Hydrobiologia 616: 133–149.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Purcell, J. E., 1991. A review of cnidarians and ctenophores feeding on competitors in the plankton. Hydrobiologia 216(217): 335–342.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Purcell, J. E. & M. N. Arai, 2001. Interactions of pelagic cnidarians and ctenophores with fishes: a review. Hydrobiologia 451: 27–44.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Rainbow, P. S., 2007. Trace metal bioaccumulation: models, metabolic availability and toxicity. Environment International 33: 576–582.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Rainbow, P. S. & D. J. H. Phillips, 1993. Cosmopolitan biomonitors of trace metals. Marine Pollution Bulletin 26: 593–601.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Rainbow, P. S. & W.-X. Wang, 2001. Comparative assimilation of Cd, Cr, Se, and Zn by the barnacle Elminius modestus from phytoplankton and zooplankton diets. Marine Ecology Progress Series 218: 239–248.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Ruus, A., M. Schaanning, S. Øxnevad & K. Hylland, 2005. Experimental results on bioaccumulation of metals and organic contaminants from marine sediments. Aquatic Toxicology 72: 273–292.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Sadiq, M., 1992. Toxic Metal Chemistry in Marine Environments. CRC Press, New York.Google Scholar
  41. Talbot, V., 1987. Relationship between lead concentrations in seawater and in the mussel Mytilus edulis: a water quality criterion. Marine Biology 94: 557–560.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Templeman, M. A. & M. J. Kingsford, 2010. Trace element accumulation in Cassiopea sp. (Scyphozoa) from urban marine environments in Australia. Marine Environmental Research 69: 63–72.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Underwood, A. J., 1997. Experiments in Ecology: Their Logical Design and Interpretation using Analysis of Variance. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School Marine & Tropical Biology and ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef StudiesJames Cook UniversityTownsvilleAustralia

Personalised recommendations