Case Study – Greece

  • Nikolaos V. ZarasEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the NATO Science for Peace and Security Series A: Chemistry and Biology book series (NAPSA)


Biological terrorism and the need for biological defence is a relatively new concept for Greece. Although defence against weaponized pathogens was part of CBRN training in the military, it was the 9/11 massacre followed by the anthrax letters horror that triggered a more active involvement of the Greek public health sector. In that historical moment a third bullet was added to the already existing disease outbreak classification – naturally, accidental and now deliberate. These incidents and the subsequent 2004 Olympic Games in Athens drove the Greek government to focus on biodefence and revise existing civil emergency planning by inclusion of new emerging threats.


Olympic Game Syndromic Surveillance Whooping Cough Public Health Strategy Biological Weapon 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References and Further Reading

  1. 1.
    Bailey KC (1994) Weapons of mass destruction: costs versus benefits. Manohar Publishers and Distributors, New DelhiGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Center for Diseases Control and Prevention (CDCP).
  3. 3.
    General Secretariat for Civil Protection (GSCP).
  4. 4.
    Ministerial Decision (MD) no. 3384/2006 “Supplement to the general plan for civil protection “XENOKRATES” with the specialized plan for the Management of Human Casualties”Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Ministry of Citizen Protection.
  6. 6.
    Ministry of Health and Social Solidarity.
  7. 7.
    National First Aid Center (NFAC).

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Special Joint CBRN Company, Hellenic ArmyAthensGreece

Personalised recommendations