Incarcerated Fathers

Implications for Father Involvement
  • Michael E. RoettgerEmail author
  • Raymond R. Swisher
Part of the Educating the Young Child book series (EDYC, volume 6)


In the United States, father’s incarceration has become an increasingly common event in the lives of children, impacting an estimated 1.5 million children annually, or about 13 % of all persons at some point in their childhood. Father’s incarceration is associated with a wide range of adverse outcomes in childhood and adolescence, including: externalizing behavior, depression, drug use, and poor educational outcomes. In this chapter, we review trends in father’s incarceration, differences across subgroups of the population, and discuss its consequences for father involvement and child outcomes. We also discuss the policy and practice implications of existing research in the field.


Father involvement Children of incarcerated parents Effects of incarceration on children Maternal gatekeeping Collateral consequences of incarceration Early childhood development Incarcerated fathers Incarceration in families 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Prevention Research CenterPennsylvania State UniversityUniversity ParkUSA
  2. 2.Department of SociologyBowling Green State UniversityOHUSA

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