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Regional Scale

  • Susana E. DamboreneaEmail author
  • Javier Echevarría
  • Sonia Ros-Franch
Chapter
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Earth System Sciences book series (BRIEFSEARTHSYST)

Abstract

First-hand knowledge of Triassic and Jurassic bivalve faunas from western South America can be applied to the discussion of several regional issues related to paleobiogeography, such as the close relationship of bivalve local distribution with sedimentary facies. Special attention is paid to the analysis of bivalve species distribution along a 25° latitudinal range of the Panthalassa paleo-coast, done in time slices corresponding to the Jurassic stages. The results did not show the expected decrease in species diversity toward higher latitudes. A local diversity increase between 30 and 40° S Lat., especially evident for Pliensbachian and Toarcian times, may be due to the establishment of a variety of habitats within the extensive Neuquén basin. The latitudinal distribution pattern was also explored using cluster analysis and faunal turnover analysis. These two analytical methods, together with the distribution of species with high-latitude biogeographic affinities, consistently show the existence of a faunal turnover area, here interpreted as the boundary between Tethyan and South Pacific faunas, which migrated southwards with time. This shift amounts to about 700 km (about 8° paleolatitude) between Hettangian and Toarcian times. The analysis for changes in proportion of different superfamilies along this latitudinal range indicated a decreasing diversity trend toward higher latitudes for Trigonioidea, Limoidea, and Pholadomyoidea, while the opposite trend was shown for some of the time slices by Nuculanoidea, Monotoidea, Pectinoidea, and Crassatelloidea.

Keywords

Latitudinal Gradient Early Jurassic Linear Predictor Bivalve Species Latitudinal Distribution 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© The Author(s) 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Susana E. Damborenea
    • 1
    Email author
  • Javier Echevarría
    • 1
  • Sonia Ros-Franch
    • 1
  1. 1.Departamento Paleontología InvertebradosMuseo de Ciencias Naturales La PlataLa PlataArgentina

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