Regional Scale

  • Susana E. DamboreneaEmail author
  • Javier Echevarría
  • Sonia Ros-Franch
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Earth System Sciences book series (BRIEFSEARTHSYST)


First-hand knowledge of Triassic and Jurassic bivalve faunas from western South America can be applied to the discussion of several regional issues related to paleobiogeography, such as the close relationship of bivalve local distribution with sedimentary facies. Special attention is paid to the analysis of bivalve species distribution along a 25° latitudinal range of the Panthalassa paleo-coast, done in time slices corresponding to the Jurassic stages. The results did not show the expected decrease in species diversity toward higher latitudes. A local diversity increase between 30 and 40° S Lat., especially evident for Pliensbachian and Toarcian times, may be due to the establishment of a variety of habitats within the extensive Neuquén basin. The latitudinal distribution pattern was also explored using cluster analysis and faunal turnover analysis. These two analytical methods, together with the distribution of species with high-latitude biogeographic affinities, consistently show the existence of a faunal turnover area, here interpreted as the boundary between Tethyan and South Pacific faunas, which migrated southwards with time. This shift amounts to about 700 km (about 8° paleolatitude) between Hettangian and Toarcian times. The analysis for changes in proportion of different superfamilies along this latitudinal range indicated a decreasing diversity trend toward higher latitudes for Trigonioidea, Limoidea, and Pholadomyoidea, while the opposite trend was shown for some of the time slices by Nuculanoidea, Monotoidea, Pectinoidea, and Crassatelloidea.


Latitudinal Gradient Early Jurassic Linear Predictor Bivalve Species Latitudinal Distribution 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Aberhan M (1992) Palöokologie und zeitliche Verbreitung bentischer Faunengemeinschaften im Unterjura von Chile. Beringeria 5:1–174Google Scholar
  2. Aberhan M (1993) Benthic macroinvertebrate associations on a carbonate-clastic ramp in segments of the Early Jurassic back-arc basin of northern Chile (26-29°S). Rev Geol Chile 20:105–136Google Scholar
  3. Aberhan M (1994) Early Jurassic Bivalvia of northern Chile. Part I. Subclasses Palaeotaxodonta, Pteriomorphia, and Isofilibranchia. Beringeria 13:1–115Google Scholar
  4. Aberhan M (2004) Early Jurassic bivalvia of northern Chile. Part II: Subclass Anomalodesmata. Beringeria 34:117–154Google Scholar
  5. Aberhan M, Hillebrandt A (1996) Taxonomy, ecology, and palaeobiogeography of Gervilleioperna (Gervilleiognoma) aurita n. subgen. n. sp. (Bivalvia) from the Middle Jurassic of northern Chile. Paläontol Z 70:79–96Google Scholar
  6. Aberhan M, Hillebrandt A (1999) The bivalve Opisoma in the lower Jurassic of northern Chile. Profil 16:149–164Google Scholar
  7. Aberhan M, Pálfy J (1996) A low oxygen tolerant East Pacific flat clam (Posidonotis semiplicata) from the lower Jurassic of the Canadian cordillera. Canad J Earth Sci 33:993–1006CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Al-Suwaidi AH, Angelozzi GN, Baudin F, Damborenea SE, Hesselbo SP, Jenkyns HC, Manceñido MO, Riccardi AC (2010) First record of the early Toarcian Oceanic anoxic event from the Southern hemisphere, Neuquén basin, Argentina. J Geol Soc Lon 167:633–636CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Bayle E, Coquand H (1851) Mémoire sur les Fossiles recueillis dans le Chili par M. Ignace Domeyko et sur les terrains auxquels ils appartiennent. Mém Soc Géol France ser. 2, 4:1–47Google Scholar
  10. Behrendsen O (1891) Zur Geologie des Ostabhanges der argentinischen Cordillere. Teil I. Z Deuts Geolog Gesells 43:369–420Google Scholar
  11. Benito J, Chernicoff J (1986) Geología del Cerro Caquel y aledaños. Departamento Futaleufú. Provincia del Chubut. Rev Asoc Geol Argent 41:70–80Google Scholar
  12. Blasco G, Levy R, Plozkiewicz V (1980) Las calizas toarcianas de Loncopán, Departamento Tehuelches, Provincia del Chubut, República Argentina. Actas 2º Congr Argent Paleontol Bioestratigr 1:191–200Google Scholar
  13. Burmeister H, Giebel C (1861) Die Versteinerungen von Juntas im Thal des Rio de Copiapó. Abh Naturfors Gesells Halle 6:1–34Google Scholar
  14. Cecioni G, Westermann GEG (1968) The Triassic/Jurassic marine transition of coastal Central Chile. Pacific Geol 1968, 1:41–75Google Scholar
  15. Chong DG, Hillebrandt A (1985) El Triásico preandino de Chile entre los 23º 30’ y 26º 00’ de lat. Sur. Actas 4º Congr Geol Chileno (Antofagasta) 1:162–210Google Scholar
  16. Conrad TA (1855) Remarks on the fossil shells from Chile, collected by Lieut. Gillis, with description of the species. US Naval Astronom Exped Southern Hemisphere 1849-50-52. 2 H (Paleontol):282–286Google Scholar
  17. Cortiñas JS (1984) Estratigrafía y facies del Jurásico entre Nueva Lubecka, Ferrarotti y Cerro Colorado. Su relación con los depósitos coetáneos del Chubut central. Actas 9° Congr Geol Argent 2:283–299Google Scholar
  18. Covacevich V, Escobar F (1979) La presencia del género Otapiria Marwick, 1935 (Mollusca: Bivalvia) en Chile y su distribución en el ámbito circumpacífico. 2° Congr Geol Chileno:H165–H187Google Scholar
  19. Crame JA (2000a) Evolution of taxonomic diversity gradients in the marine realm: evidence from the composition of recent bivalve faunas. Paleobiology 26:188–214CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Crame JA (2000b) The nature and origin of taxonomic diversity gradients in marine bivalves. In: Harper EM, Taylor JD, Crame JA (eds) The evolutionary biology of the Bivalvia. Geol Soc Spec Publ 177:347–360Google Scholar
  21. Crame JA (2001) Taxonomic diversity gradients through geological time. Divers Distrib 7:175–189Google Scholar
  22. Crame JA (2002) Evolution of taxonomic diversity gradients in the marine realm: a comparison of late Jurassic and recent bivalve faunas. Paleobiology 28:184–207CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Damborenea SE (1987a) Early Jurassic Bivalvia of Argentina. Part I: Stratigraphical Introduction and Superfamilies Nuculanacea, Arcacea, Mytilacea and Pinnacea. Palaeontographica A 99:23–111, pl 1–4 Google Scholar
  24. Damborenea SE (1987b) Early Jurassic Bivalvia of Argentina. Part 2: Superfamilies Pteriacea, Buchiacea and part of Pectinacea. Palaeontographica A 199:113–216, pl 1–14Google Scholar
  25. Damborenea SE (1989) El género Posidonotis Losacco (Bivalvia, Jurásico inferior): su distribución estratigráfica y paleogeográfica. Actas 4° Congr Argent Paleontol y Bioestratigr (Mendoza 1986) 4:45–51Google Scholar
  26. Damborenea SE (1993) Early Jurassic South American pectinaceans and circum-Pacific palaeobiogeography. Palaeogeogr Palaeoclimatol Palaeoecol 100:109–123CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Damborenea SE (1996) Palaeobiogeography of early Jurassic bivalves along the southeastern Pacific margin. 13º Congr Geol Argent y 3º Congr Explorac Hidrocarb (Buenos Aires) Actas 5:151–167Google Scholar
  28. Damborenea SE (1998) The bipolar bivalve Kolymonectes in South America and the diversity of Propeamussiidae in Mesozoic times. In: Johnston PA, Haggart JW (eds) Bivalves: an eon of evolution—paleobiological studies honoring Norman D. Newell University of Calgary Press, CalgaryGoogle Scholar
  29. Damborenea SE (2002a) Early Jurassic bivalves from Argentina. Part 3: Superfamilies Monotoidea, Pectinoidea, Plicatuloidea and Dimyoidea. Palaeontograph A 265:1–119Google Scholar
  30. Damborenea SE (2002b) Jurassic evolution of Southern Hemisphere marine palaeobiogeographic units based on benthonic bivalves. Geobios 35(MS (24)):51–71CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Damborenea SE (2004) Early Jurassic Kalentera (Bivalvia) from Argentina and its palaeobiogeograhical significance. Ameghiniana 41:185–198Google Scholar
  32. Damborenea SE, Lanés S (2007) Early Jurassic shell beds from marginal marine environments in southern Mendoza, Argentina. Palaeogeogr Palaeoclimatol Palaeoecol 250:68–88CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Damborenea SE, Manceñido MO (2012) Late Triassic bivalves and brachiopods from southern Mendoza, Argentina. Rev Paléobiol, VS 11:317–344Google Scholar
  34. Damborenea SE, Pagani MA, Ferrari SM (2010) Paleogeografía del Jurásico temprano de Chubut: aportes de los moluscos. Res 4° Simp Argent Jurásico, Bahía Blanca: 35Google Scholar
  35. Dediós P (1967) Geología del cuadrángulo Vicuña, Provincia de Coquimbo. Ins Inv Geol Chile Carta 16:1–85Google Scholar
  36. Dommergues JL, Meister C (1991) Area of mixed marine faunas between two major paleogeographical realms, exemplified by the early Jurassic (Late Sinemurian and Pliensbachian) ammonites in the Alps. Palaeogeogr Palaeoclimatol Palaeoecol 86:265–282CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Feruglio E (1934) Fossili Liassici della Valle del Rio Genua (Patagonia). Gior Geol Ann R Mus Geol Bologna 9:1–64Google Scholar
  38. Goodwin DH (1997) The importance of paleoecology in assessing paleogeographic relationships of the Antimonio Formation. In: González-León CM, Stanley GD jr (eds) US-Mexico cooperative research. International workshop on the geology of Sonora Memoir. Univ Nac Autón México, Inst Geol, Estación Regional del Noroeste, Publ Ocas, vol 1, pp 36–38Google Scholar
  39. Groeber P (1946) Observaciones geológicas a lo largo del meridiano 70. Hoja Chos Malal. Rev Soc Geol Argent 1:177–206Google Scholar
  40. Groeber P, Stipanicic P, Mingramm A (1953) Jurásico. In: Geografía de la República Argentina II (1a. parte): Mesozoico. Soc Argent Estud Geogr GAEA:143–347Google Scholar
  41. Gulisano C (1992) Paleogeographical evolution of west-central Argentina. In: Westermann GEG (ed) The Jurassic of the Circum-Pacific. Cambridge University Press, LondonGoogle Scholar
  42. Hallam A (1977) Jurassic bivalve biogeography. Paleobiology 3:58–73Google Scholar
  43. Harrington HJ (1961) Geology of parts of Antofagasta and Atacama Provinces, northern Chile. Bull Am Assoc Petrol Geol 45:169–197Google Scholar
  44. Hayami I (1988) A Tethyan bivalve, Posidonotis dainellii, from the lower Jurassic of West Japan. Trans Proc Palaeontol Soc Jpn NS 151:564–569Google Scholar
  45. Hayami I (1990) Geographic distribution of Jurassic faunas in Eastern Asia. In: Ichikawa K, Mizutani S, Hara I, Hada S, Yao A (eds) Pre-Cretaceous terranes of Japan. Publication of IGCP project 224, OsakaGoogle Scholar
  46. Hillebrandt A (1971) Der Jura in der chilenisch-argentinischen Hoch cordillere (32° 30´ S). Münster Forsch Geol Paläontol 20/21:63–87Google Scholar
  47. Hillebrandt A (1973) Neue Ergebnisse über den Jura in Chile und Argentinien. Münster Forsch Geol Paläontol 31/32:167–199Google Scholar
  48. Hillebrandt A (1977) Ammoniten aus dem Bajocien (Jura) von Chile (Südamerika). Neue Arten der Gattungen Stephanoceras und Domeykoceras n. gen. (Stephanoceratidae). M. Mitt Bayer Staats Paläontol Hist Geol 17:35–69Google Scholar
  49. Hillebrandt A (1980) Paleozoogeografía de Jurásico marino (Lías hasta Oxfordiano) en Suramérica. In: Zeil W (ed) Nuevos resultados de la investigación geocientífica alemana en Latinoamérica. Deuts Forschungs and Inst Colabor Cient, Tübingen:123–134Google Scholar
  50. Hillebrandt A (1990) Der Untere Jura im Gebiet des Rio Atuel (Provinz Mendoza, Argentinien). N Jb Geol Paläontol Abh 181:143–157Google Scholar
  51. Hillebrandt A (2000) Ammonite biostratigraphy of the Hettangian/Sinemurian boundary in South America. In: Hall RL, Smith PL (eds) Advances in Jurassic Research 2000. GeoRes Forum 6:105–118Google Scholar
  52. Hillebrandt A (2002) Ammoniten aus dem oberen Sinemurium von Südamerika. Revue Paléolbiol 21:35–147Google Scholar
  53. Hillebrandt A, Schmidt-Effing R (1981) Ammoniten aus dem Toarcium (Jura) von Chile (Südamerika). Die Arten der Gattungen Dactylioceras, Nodicoeloceras, Peronoceras und Collina. Zitteliana 6:1–74Google Scholar
  54. Hillebrandt A, Westermann GEG (1985) Aalenian (Jurassic) ammonite faunas and zones of the southern Andes. Zitteliana 12:3–55Google Scholar
  55. Hillebrandt A, Gröschke M, Prinz P, Wilke HG (1986) Marienes Mesozoikum in Nordchile zwischen 21° und 26°S. Berliner Geowiss Abh A 169:1–40Google Scholar
  56. Iglesia-Llanos MP (2012) Palaeomagnetic study of the Jurassic from Argentina: magnetostratigraphy and palaeogeography of South America. Rev Paléobiol V S 11:151–168Google Scholar
  57. Iglesia-Llanos MP, Riccardi AC, Singer SE (2006) Palaeomagnetic study of lower Jurassic marine strata from the Neuquén Basin, Argentina: a new Jurassic apparent polar wander path for South America. Earth Planet Sci Let 252:379–397CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Jablonski D, Roy K, Valentine JW (2000) Analysing the latitudinal gradient in marine bivalves. In: Harper EM, Taylor JD, Crame JA (eds) The evolutionary biology of the Bivalvia. Geol Soc Spec Publ 177:361–365Google Scholar
  59. Jaworski E (1925) Contribución a la paleontología del Jurásico Sudamericano. Publ Dir Gen Min Geol Hidrol sec Geol 4:1–160Google Scholar
  60. Kindlmann P, Schödelbauerová I, Dixon AFG (2007) Inverse latitudinal gradients in species diversity. In: Storch D, Marquet PA, Brown JH (eds) Scaling Biodiversity. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  61. Krug AZ, Jablonski D, Valentine JW (2007) Contrarian clade confirms the ubiquity of spatial origination patterns in the production of latitudinal diversity gradients. Proc Nat Acad Sci USA 104:18129–18134CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Lage J (1982) Descripción geológica de la Hoja 43C Gualjaina, Prov. del Chubut. Bol Serv Geol Nac 189:1–72Google Scholar
  63. Leanza AF (1942) Los pelecípodos del Lías de Piedra Pintada, en el Neuquén. Rev Mus La Plata (ns) Paleontol 2:143–206Google Scholar
  64. Legarreta L, Uliana MA (1996) The Jurassic succession in west-central Argentina: stratal patterns, sequences and paleogeographic evolution. Palaeogeogr Palaeoclimatol Palaeoecol 120:303–330CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Legarreta L, Uliana MA (2000) El Jurásico y Cretácico de la Cordillera Principal y la Cuenca Neuquina. 1, Facies sedimentarias. Inst Geol Rec Mineral 29:399–432Google Scholar
  66. Lesta P, Ferello R, Chebli G (1980) Chubut Extraandino. In: Turner J (ed), Segundo Simposio de Geología Regional Argentina II, Acad Nac Cienc (Argent):1307–1387Google Scholar
  67. Malumián N, Ploszkiewicz VA (1976) El Liásico fosilífero de Loncopán, Departamento Tehuelches, Provincia de Chubut. Rev Asoc Geol Argent 31:279–280Google Scholar
  68. Manceñido MO, Damborenea SE (1984) Megafauna de Invertebrados paleozoicos y mesozoicos. In: Ramos VA (ed), Geología y recursos naturales de la Provincia de Rio Negro. Relatorio 9° Congr Geol Argent:413–465Google Scholar
  69. Massaferro GI (2001) El Jurásico temprano del cerro Cuche (Cordillera Patagónica del Chubut): estratigrafía y fósiles. Rev Asoc Geol Argent 56(2):244–248Google Scholar
  70. Mercado M (1982) Hoja Laguna del Negro Francisco, Región de Atacama. Serv Nac Geol Min, Carta Geol Chile 56:1–63Google Scholar
  71. Möricke W (1894) Versteinerungen des Lias und Unteroolith von Chile. N Jb Min Geol Paläontol BB 9:1–100Google Scholar
  72. Mpodozis C, Rivano S, Vicente JC (1973) Resultados preliminares del estudio geológico de la Alta Cordillera de Ovalle entre los ríos Grande y Los Molles (Prov de Coquimbo, Chile). Actas 5° Congr Geol Argent: 117–132Google Scholar
  73. Nullo FE (1983) Descripción Geológica de la Hoja 45c, Pampa de Agnia, Provincia de Chubut. Bol Serv Geol Nac 199:1–94Google Scholar
  74. Pagani MA, Manceñido MO, Damborenea SE, Ferrari SM (2012) The ichnogenus Lapispira from the early jurassic of patagonia (Chubut, Argentina). Rev Paléobiol VS 11: 409–416Google Scholar
  75. Pérez E, Levi B (1961) Relación estratigráfica entre la Formación Montezunia y el granito subyacente, Calama, Prov. de Antofagasta. Chile. Rev Min 16:39–48Google Scholar
  76. Pérez E, Reyes R (1977) Las trigonias jurásicas de Chile y su valor cronoestratigráfico. Bol Inst Investig Geol Chile 30:1–58Google Scholar
  77. Pérez E, Reyes R (1994) Catálogo de ejemplares tipo, conservados en la Colección Paleontológica del Servicio Nacional de Geología y Minería, Chile. Serv Nac Geol Min Bol 46:1–99Google Scholar
  78. Pérez E, Reyes R, Damborenea SE (1995) El género Groeberella Leanza, 1993 y Groeberellidae nov. (Bivalvia; Trigonioida) del Jurásico de Chile y Argentina. Rev Geol Chile 22:143–157Google Scholar
  79. Pérez E, Aberhan M, Reyes R, Hillebrandt A (2008) Early Jurassic Bivalvia of northern Chile. Part III. Order Trigonioida. Beringeria 39:51–102Google Scholar
  80. Philippi R (1899) Los Fósiles Secundarios de Chile. FA Brockhaus 104 pp, 42 lám. SantiagoGoogle Scholar
  81. Piatnitzky A (1933) Rético y Liásico en los valles de los ríos Genua y Tecka y sedimentos continentales de la Sierra de San Bernardo. Bol Inf Petrol 10:151–182Google Scholar
  82. Piatnitzky A (1936) Estudio geológico de la región de los Ríos Chubut y Genua. Bol Inf Petrol 13:83–118Google Scholar
  83. Quinzio LA (1987) Stratigraphische Untersuchungen im Unterjura des Südteils der Provinz Antofagasta in Nord. Chile. Berliner Geowiss Abh A87:1–15Google Scholar
  84. Rex MA, Stuart CT, Hessler RR, Allen JA, Sanders HL, Wilson GDF (1993) Global-scale latitudinal patterns of species diversity in the deep-sea benthos. Nature 365:636–639CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. Rex MA, Stuart CT, Coyne G (2000) Latitudinal gradients of species richness in the deep-sea benthos of North Atlantic. Proc Nat Acad Sci U S A 97:4082–4085CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. Riccardi AC (2008a) The marine Jurassic of Argentina: a biostratigraphic framework. Episodes 31:326–335Google Scholar
  87. Riccardi AC (2008b) El Jurásico de Argentina y sus amonites. Rev Asoc Geol Argent 63:625–643Google Scholar
  88. Riccardi AC, Damborenea SE, Manceñido MO, Ballent SC (1988) Hettangiano y Sinemuriano marinos en Argentina. Actas 5° Congr Geol Chileno 2:C359–C373Google Scholar
  89. Riccardi AC, Damborenea SE, Manceñido MO, Ballent SC (1991) Hettangian and Sinemurian (Lower Jurassic) biostratigraphy of Argentina. J South Am Earth Sci 4:159–170CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. Riccardi AC, Gulisano CA, Mojica J, Palacios O, Schubert C (1992) Western South America. In: Westermann GEG (ed) The Jurassic of the Circum Pacific. Cambridge University Press, LondonGoogle Scholar
  91. Riccardi AC, Damborenea SE, Manceñido MO, Leanza HA (2011) Megainvertebrados del Jurásico y su importancia geobiológica. In: Leanza HA, Arregui C, Carbone O, Danieli JC, Vallés JM (eds) Geología y Recursos Naturales de la Provincia del Neuquén, Relatorio del 18° Congr Geol Argent, pp 441–464Google Scholar
  92. Rigal R (1930) El Liásico en la Cordillera del Espinacito (Provincia de San Juan). Publ Serv Geol Nac (Argent) 74:5–9Google Scholar
  93. Robbiano JA (1971) Contribución al conocimiento estratigráfico de la sierra del Cerro Negro, Pampa de Agnia, Provincia de Chubut, República Argentina. Rev Asoc Geol Argent 26:41–56Google Scholar
  94. Rosen BR (1992) Empiricism and the biogeographical black box: concepts and methods in marine palaeobiogeography. Palaeogeogr Palaeoclimatol Palaeoecol 92:171–205CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  95. Roy K, Jablonski D, Valentine JW, Rosenberg G (1998) Marine latitudinal diversity gradients: tests of causal hypothesis. Proc Nat Acad Sci U S A 95:3699–3702CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. Roy K, Jablonski D, Martien KK (2000) Invariant size-frequency distributions along a latitudinal gradient in marine bivalves. Proc Nat Acad Sci U S A 97:13150–13155CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  97. Sanders HL (1968) Marine benthic diversity: a comparative study. Am Natural 102:243–282CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  98. Sepúlveda P, Naranjo JA (1982) Geología de la Hoja Carrera Pinto. Escala 1:100.000. Serv Nac Geol Min, Carta Geol Chile 53:1–62Google Scholar
  99. Stehli FG (1968) Taxonomic diversity gradients in pole location: the recent model. In: Drake ET (ed) Evolution and Environment. Yale University Press, New HavenGoogle Scholar
  100. Stehli FG, McAlester AL, Helsley CE (1967) Taxonomic diversity in recent bivalves and some implications for geology. Geol Soc Am Bull 78:455–466CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  101. Stehli FG, Douglas RG, Newell ND (1969) Generation and maintenance of gradients in taxonomic diversity. Science 164:947–949CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  102. Steinmann G (1881) Zur Kenntnis der Jura- und Kreideformation von Caracoles (Bolivia). N Jb Min Geol Pal BB 1:239–301Google Scholar
  103. Thiele Cartagena R (1964) Reconocimiento geológico de la Alta Cordillera de Elqui. Ins Geol Fac Cienc Fis Matem Univ Chile Publ 27:133–197Google Scholar
  104. Thomas H (1958) Geologia de la Cordillera de la Costa entre el valle de La Ligua y la Cuesta de Barriga. Ins Inv Geol Bol 2:1–86Google Scholar
  105. Valdovinos C, Navarrete SA, Marquet PA (2003) Mollusk species diversity in the Southern Pacific: why are there more species towards the pole? Ecography 26:139–144CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  106. Valentine JW, Jablonski D (2010) Origins of marine patterns of biodiversity: some correlates and applications. Palaeontology 53:1203–1210CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  107. Vicente JC (2005) Dynamic paleogeography of the Jurassic Andean Basin: pattern of transgression and localisation of main straits through the magmatic arc. Rev Asoc Geol Argent 60:221–250Google Scholar
  108. Vizán H (1988) Estudios paleontológicos y paleomagnéticos preliminares de la Formación Lepá (rio Gualjaina, Chubut). Rev Asoc Geol Argent 43:327–337Google Scholar
  109. Volkheimer W, Manceñido MO, Damborenea SE (1978) Zur Biostratigraphie des Lias in der Hochkordillere von San Juan. Argentinien. Münst Forsch Geol Paläontol 44/45:205–235Google Scholar
  110. Wahnish E (1942) Observaciones geoló́gicas en el Oeste del Chubut. Estratigrafía y fauna del Liásico en los alrededores del rio Genua. Bol Serv Geol Nac 51:1–73Google Scholar
  111. Waller TR (1971) The glass scallop Propeamussium, a living relict of the past. Am Malacol Union Ann Rep 1970:5–7Google Scholar
  112. Waller TR (2006) Phylogeny of families in the Pectinoidea (Mollusca: Bivalvia): importance of the fossil record. Zool J Linnean Soc 148:313–342CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  113. Waller TR (2011) Neogene Paleontology of the Northern Dominican Republic. 24. Propeamussiidae and Pectinidae (Mollusca: Bivalvia: Pectinoidea) of the Cibao Valley. Bull Am Paleontol 381:1–195Google Scholar
  114. Weaver C (1931) Paleontology of the Jurassic and Cretaceous of West Central Argentina. Mem Univ Washington 1:1–469Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Susana E. Damborenea
    • 1
    Email author
  • Javier Echevarría
    • 1
  • Sonia Ros-Franch
    • 1
  1. 1.Departamento Paleontología InvertebradosMuseo de Ciencias Naturales La PlataLa PlataArgentina

Personalised recommendations