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Introduction

  • Susana E. DamboreneaEmail author
  • Javier Echevarría
  • Sonia Ros-Franch
Chapter
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Earth System Sciences book series (BRIEFSEARTHSYST)

Abstract

Bivalves have proven to have a great potential for paleobiogeographic analyses due to their relatively complete fossil record, especially for Mesozoic and Cenozoic times. Being mostly benthonic, they have a large variety of life habits which should be taken into account, particularly in detailed paleobiogeographic studies. We will analyze marine bivalve distribution in the Southern Hemisphere during several successive time slices within the Triassic and Jurassic, an epoch marked by critical geologic and biotic events. This period covers both the biotic recovery after the harshest diversity crisis ever (the Permian/Triassic extinction event), and later also the biotic reaction to another severe crisis at the Triassic/Jurassic boundary. This allows the opportunity to evaluate the response of paleobiogeographic patterns to such events. The Earth’s configuration drastically changed from a concentration of land masses in a unique supercontinent (Pangea) and two oceans (Tethys and Panthalassa), to a fragmented series of continental land masses. These began to disperse, opening sea corridors which largely affected not only the global distribution of biotas but also paleoclimate and sea paleocurrents as well. This dynamic paleogeography adds an interesting ingredient to the study of past distributions of benthic organisms making it possible to frame them into a physically and biologically changing scenario.

Keywords

Late Jurassic Time Slice Early Jurassic Life Habit Tethys Ocean 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Susana E. Damborenea
    • 1
    Email author
  • Javier Echevarría
    • 1
  • Sonia Ros-Franch
    • 1
  1. 1.Departamento Paleontología InvertebradosMuseo de Ciencias Naturales La PlataLa PlataArgentina

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