Early Childhood Special Education in China

Advocacy and Practice
  • Mary Barbara TrubeEmail author
  • Wenge Li
  • Yan Ping Chi
Part of the Educating the Young Child book series (EDYC, volume 5)


Early childhood care and education (ECCE) programs hold a prominent place in China’s goals for economic and educational success. Early childhood programs—falling into nursery, kindergarten, and pre-primary levels—currently serve about a third of children from birth through age six throughout the People’s Republic of China (PRC). ECCE programs in China are operated by (1) provincial or local government centers, (2) corporations and manufacturing or factory centers, (3) privately owned centers, and (4) family-run programs. With regard to serving children with special learning needs and/or disabilities within these centers, inconsistencies exist in access to programs, services provided for children with exceptionalities, educational environments, levels of educational attainment of staff, and training for teachers. This chapter presents information about advocacy efforts of early childhood educators, researchers, and government leaders in the PRC. Interviews and observations compiled by university professors and early childhood special education teacher educators are presented. The role of advocacy in creating enduring bonds on behalf of young children with special learning needs is highlighted.


Special Education Early Childhood Education Early Childhood Teacher Special Education Teacher Special Education School 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The Patton College of EducationOhio University—ChillicotheChillicotheUSA
  2. 2.Guangdong Teacher’s College of Foreign Languages and ArtGuangzhouPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.Xi’an International Studies UniversityXi’anPeople’s Republic of China

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