Stereo-Array Isotope Labeling Method for Studying Protein Structure and Dynamics

  • Yohei Miyanoiri
  • Mitsuhiro Takeda
  • Masatsune KainoshoEmail author
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 992)


The stereo-array isotope labeling (SAIL) method utilizes proteins with isotope labeling patterns optimized with regard to an intended NMR study. The SAIL proteins are prepared by incorporating chemically synthesized amino acids into target proteins, using a cell-free protein synthesis system or a cellular expression system. Over the past decade, the SAIL method has been facilitating a wide variety of new investigations, including high-resolution structure determinations of large proteins and investigations of protein dynamics. In this chapter, the applications of SAIL-related approaches are introduced.


Isotope Label Spin Diffusion Indole Ring Sail Method Hydrogen Exchange Rate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yohei Miyanoiri
    • 1
  • Mitsuhiro Takeda
    • 1
  • Masatsune Kainosho
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Structural Biology Research Center, Graduate School of ScienceNagoya UniversityNagoyaJapan
  2. 2.Center for Priority Areas, Graduate School of Science and TechnologyTokyo Metropolitan UniversityHachiojiJapan

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