Advertisement

Human-Environment Research: Past Trends, Current Challenges, and Future Directions

  • Eduardo S. BrondízioEmail author
  • Rinku Roy Chowdhury
Chapter
Part of the Human-Environment Interactions book series (HUEN, volume 1)

Abstract

This chapter reflects on issues and questions underscoring the preceding chapters while providing a brief overview of current and future directions in the study of human-environment interactions. A discussion of future directions begins with recognizing that the challenges of studying complex coupled human-environment systems are not new, although current processes of globalization and climate change render such challenges pressing, and of wider societal relevance. In this brief overview, we highlight questions related to institutions, ecosystem services, health, adaptation to climate change, urbanization, and methodological challenges.

Keywords

Ecosystem Service Institutional Arrangement Urban Green Space Cultural Ecosystem Service Resource Governance 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Acheson, J. M. (2006). Institutional failure in resource management. Annual Review of Anthropology, 37, 117–134.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Alonso, W. (1964). Location and land use. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  3. Alperovich, G. (1982). Density gradients and the identification of the central business district. Urban Studies, 19(3), 313–320.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Antrop, M. (2004). Landscape change and the urbanization process in Europe. Landscape and Urban Planning, 67, 9–26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Balée, W., & Erickson, C. (Eds.) (2006). Time and complexity in historical ecology: Studies in the neotropical lowlands. New York: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
  6. Brondizio, E. S., & Moran, E. F. (2008). Human dimensions of climate change: The vulnerability of small farmers in the Amazon. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, 363, 1803–1809.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Brondizio, E., Ostrom, E., & Young, O. (2009). Connectivity and the governance of multilevel social-ecological systems: The role of social capital. Annual Review of Environment and Resources, 34(253–2), 78.Google Scholar
  8. Bryant, C. R., Russwurm, L. H., & McLellan, A. G. (1982). The city’s countryside: Land and its management in the rural–urban fringe. London: Longman.Google Scholar
  9. Cochrane, M. A., Alencar, A., Schulze, M. D., Souza, C. M., Nepstad, D. C., Lefebvre, P., et al. (1999). Positive feedbacks in the fire dynamics of closed canopy tropical forests. Science, 284, 1832–1835.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Confalonieri, U., Menne, B., Akhtar, R., Ebi, K. L., Hauengue, M., Kovats, R. S., et al. (2007). Human health. In M. L. Parry, O. F. Canziani, J. P. Palutikof, P. J. van der Linden, & C. E. Hanson (Eds.), Climate change 2007: Impacts, adaptation and vulnerability (pp. 391–431). Contribution of Working Group II to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  11. Craig, J., & Haskey, J. (1978). The relationships between the population, area and density of urban areas. Urban Studies, 15(1), 101–107.Google Scholar
  12. Dearing, J. A., Braimoh, A. K., Reenberg, A., Turner, B. L. II, & van der Leeuw, S. (2010). Complex land systems: The need for long time perspectives to assess their future. Ecology and Society, 15(4), 21 [online]. URL: http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol15/iss4/art21/
  13. DeFries, R. S., Houghton, R. A., Hansen, M. C., Field, C. B., Skole, D., & Townshend, J. (2002). Carbon emissions from tropical deforestation and regrowth based on satellite observations for the 1980s and 1990s. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 99(22), 14256–14261.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Fissore, C., Baker, L. A., Hobbie, S. E., King, J. Y., Mcfadden, J. P., Nelson, K. C., et al. (2011). Carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus fluxes in household ecosystems in the Minneapolis-Saint Paul, Minnesota, urban region. Ecological Applications, 21(3), 619–639.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Geist, H. J., & Lambin, E. F. (2004). Dynamic causal patterns of desertification. BioScience, 54, 817–829.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Geyer, H. S., & Kontuly, T. M. (1993). A theoretical foundation for the concept of differential urbanization. International Regional Science Review, 15(2), 157–177.Google Scholar
  17. Gubler, D. (1998). Resurgent vector-borne diseases as a global health problem. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 4(3), 442–450.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Halstead, S. B. (2008). Dengue virus-mosquito interactions. Annual Review of Entomology, 53, 273–291.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Harpham, T. (1997). Urbanisation and health in transition. The Lancet, 349, 11–13.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Hasse, J. E., & Lathrop, R. G. (2003). Land resource impact indicators of urban sprawl. Applied Geography, 23(2–3), 159–175.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Hopp, M. J., & Foley, J. A. (2003). Worldwide fluctuations in dengue fever cases related to climate variability. Climate Research, 25(1), 85–94.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Jackson, L. E. (2003). The relationship of urban design to human health and condition. Landscape and Urban Planning, 64(4), 191–200.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Jantz, P., Goetz, S., & Jantz, C. (2005). Urbanization and the loss of resource lands in the Chesapeake Bay watershed. Environmental Management, 36(6), 808–825.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Kau, J. B., & Lee, T. F. (1976). Functional, density gradient and price elasticity of demand for housing. Urban Studies, 13(2), 193–200.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Kelly, P. F. (1998). The politics of urban–rural relations: Land use conversion in the Philippines. Environment and Urbanization, 10(1), 35–54.Google Scholar
  26. Laurance, W. F., & Williamson, G. B. (2001). Positive feedbacks among forest fragmentation, drought and climate change in the Amazon. Conservation Biology, 15(6), 1529–1535.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Laurance, W. F., Cochrane, M. A., Bergen, S., Fearnside, P. A., Delamonica, P., Barber, C., et al. (2001). The future of the Brazilian Amazon. Science, 291, 438–439.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Lenton, T. M., Held, H., Kriegler, E., Hall, J. W., Lucht, W., Rahmstorf, S., et al. (2008). Tipping elements in the Earth’s climate system. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 105(6), 1786–1793.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Medley, K. E., Pickett, S. T. A., & McDonnell, M. J. (1995). Forest-landscape structure along an urban-to-rural gradient. The Professional Geographer, 47(2), 159–168.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Melles, S., Glenn, S., & Martin, K. (2003). Urban bird diversity and landscape complexity: Species-environment associations along a multiscale habitat gradient. Conservation Ecology, 7(1), 22.Google Scholar
  31. Mieszkowski, P., & Mills, E. (1993). The causes of metropolitan suburbanization. Economic Perspectives, 7(3), 135–147.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Millennium Ecosystem Assessment. (2005). URL: http://www.maweb.org/en/Index.aspx
  33. Mills, E. S. (1970). Urban density functions. Urban Studies, 7(1), 5–20.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Molyneux, D. H. (2002). Vector borne infections and health related to landscape changes. In A. A. Aguirre, M. C. Pearl, R. S. Ostfeld, C. House, & G. M. Tabor (Eds.), Conservation medicine: Ecological health in practice (pp. 194–206). Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  35. Moran, E. F. (2010). Environmental social science: Human-environment interactions and sustainability. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.Google Scholar
  36. Munroe, D. K., Croissant, C., & York, A. M. (2005). Land use policy and landscape fragmentation in an urbanizing region: Assessing the impact of zoning. Applied Geography, 25, 121–141.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Muth, R. F. (1969). Cities and housing: The spatial pattern of urban residential land use. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  38. National Research Council. (2010). Understanding the changing planet: Strategic directions for the geographical sciences. Washington, DC: National Academies Press.Google Scholar
  39. Ostrom, E. (2009). A general framework for analyzing sustainability of social-ecological systems. Science, 325(5939), 419–422.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Patz, J. A., Daszak, P., Tabor, G. M., Alonso Aguirre, A., Pearl, M., Epsein, J., et al. (2004). Unhealthy landscapes: Policy recommendations on land use change and infectious disease emergence. Environmental Health Perspectives, 112(10), 1092–1098.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Petschel-Held, G., Block, A., Cassel-Gintz, M., Kropp, J., Lüdeke, M. K. B., Moldenhauer, O., et al. (1999). Syndromes of global change: A qualitative modelling approach to assist global environmental management. Environmental Modelling and Assessment, 4, 295–314.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Robbins, P. (2007). Lawn people: How grasses, weeds and chemicals make us who we are. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.Google Scholar
  43. Rockström, J., Steffen, W., Noone, K., Persson, Å., Chapin, F. S., III, Lambin, E. F., et al. (2009). A safe operating space for humanity. Nature, 461, 472–475.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Roy Chowdhury, R., Larson, K., Grove, J. M., Polsky, C., Cook, E., Onsted, J., et al. (2011). A multi-scalar approach to theorizing socio-ecological dynamics of urban residential landscapes. Cities and the Environment, 4(1), 6 [online]. URL: http://digitalcommons.lmu.edu/cate/vol4/iss1/6
  45. Somboon, P., Aramrattana, A., Lines, J., & Webber, R. (1998). Entomological and epidemiological investigations of malaria transmission in relation to population movements in forest areas of north-west Thailand. The Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health, 29(1), 3–9.Google Scholar
  46. Steffen, W., Sanderson, A., Tyson, P. D., Jäger, J., Matson, P. A., Moore, B. III, et al. (2004). Global Change and the Earth System: A Planet under Pressure. IGBP Global Change Series. Berlin, Germany: Springer-Verlag.Google Scholar
  47. Stein, S. M., McRoberts, R. E., Alig, R. J., Nelson, M. D., Theobald, D. M., Eley, et al. (2005). Forests on the edge: housing development on America’s private forests (General Technical Report PNW-GTR-636). Portland: Pacific Northwest Research Station, USDA Forest Service.Google Scholar
  48. Stohlgren, T. J., Baron, J. S., Chase, T. N., Pielke, R. A., Sr., & Kittel, T. G. F. (1998). Evidence that local land use practices influence regional climate, vegetation, and stream flow patterns in adjacent natural areas. Global Change Biology, 4(5), 495–504.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Suwonkerd, W., Overgaard, H. J., Tsuda, Y., Prajakwong, S., & Takagi, M. (2002). Malaria vector densities in transmission and non-transmission areas during 23 years and land use in Chiang Mai province, northern Thailand. Basic and Applied Ecology, 3(3), 197–207.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Van Benthem, B. H. B., Vanwambeke, S. O., Khantikul, N., Burghoorn-Maas, C., Panart, K., Oskam, L., et al. (2005). Spatial patterns of and risk factors for seropositivity for dengue infection. The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 72(2), 201–208.Google Scholar
  51. Vanwambeke, S. O., Lambin, E. F., Eichhorn, M. P., Flasse, S. P., Harbach, R. E., Oskam, L., et al. (2007). Impact of land-use change on dengue and malaria in northern Thailand. EcoHealth, 4, 37–51.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Anthropology, Anthropological Center for Training and Research on Global Environmental Change, School of Public and Environmental AffairsIndiana UniversityBloomingtonUSA
  2. 2.Geography DepartmentIndiana UniversityBloomingtonUSA

Personalised recommendations