Small-Scale Farmers and the Challenges of Environmental Conservation and Rural Development: Case Studies from the State of São Paulo and the Amazon Region

  • Célia FutemmaEmail author
Part of the Human-Environment Interactions book series (HUEN, volume 1)


In the past 10 years, small-scale farmers have been the target of both environmental and rural development concerns at national, state, and municipal levels in Brazil. At the federal level, public policies aim at enhancing family-based farming systems (agricultura familiar) through increasing their participation in the market and guaranteeing their food security. Simultaneously, environmental policies restrict small-scale farmers from using 100% of their property, since they have to conserve a minimum of forest area—forest reserve—as well as a gallery forest. Some government officials and scholars argue that small-scale farmers are not able to follow such environmental rules and should be forgiven, because of the small size of their properties, which limit their choices in production. The question is, Considering government programs for rural development and environmental conservation, are small-scale farmers who live inside or surrounding protected areas able to increase their participation in the market, produce for their livelihoods, and meet environmental conservation rules? To address this question, decisions and activities of small-scale farmers in the state of São Paulo and the Amazon region will be analyzed.


Amazon Region Rural Settlement National Forest Perennial Crop Gallery Forest 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for Environmental Studies and Research (NEPAM)University of Campinas (UNICAMP)CampinasBrazil

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