Trends and Trade-offs – Beach/Foredune

  • J. Patrick Doody
Part of the Coastal Research Library book series (COASTALRL, volume 4)


A key issue worldwide is the extent to which the beach/foredune is migrating (moving landward). This situation (Physical States 1 and 2) is the most frequently encountered, seaward progradation (Physical State 3) much less so. This chapter considers the ecosystem services and values of the three states identified in  Chap. 4 and the trends and trade-offs associated with different management options. It provides an explanation of the way the values of each state change in response to both spatial and temporal driving forces. It reviews the influence of human activities on these values, providing a basis for assessing the need for intervention. The chapter includes a simple ‘State Evaluation Model’, designed to help decision-making for nature conservation purposes at the beach/foredune interface. The next  Chap. 7 considers the trends and trade-offs associated with inland, more stable vegetated dune forms.


Sand Dune Sediment Supply Sand Mining Beach Profile Coastal Sand Dune 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Patrick Doody
    • 1
  1. 1.National Coastal ConsultantsBrampton, HuntingdonUK

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