Vegetated States and Values – Inland Dune

  • J. Patrick Doody
Part of the Coastal Research Library book series (COASTALRL, volume 4)


This chapter describes the vegetation of sand dunes as determined by systematic analysis of plant species composition. It includes the stable forms of sand dune inland of the beach and foredune, where there is one. Vegetation usually covers the surface, as described in Sects. 1.3.3, 1.3.4, 1.3.5 and 1.3.6. States 1–4 relate to different grazing pressures, State 5 to afforestation and State 6 the presence of native woodland. The chapter provides the basis for assessing the trends and trade-offs associated with changes in the extent and intensity of grazing, the degree of scrub and woodland development (also dealt with in  Chap. 8 in relation to the invasion of alien plants) and the presence of native woodland. The following sections, using examples taken mostly from Europe, describe the vegetated inland sand dune states and their ecosystem services values in more detail.


Sand Dune Bare Sand Dune Slack Coastal Sand Dune Native Woodland 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Patrick Doody
    • 1
  1. 1.National Coastal ConsultantsBrampton, HuntingdonUK

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