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Introduction

  • J. Patrick Doody
Chapter
Part of the Coastal Research Library book series (COASTALRL, volume 4)

Abstract

Sand dunes exist in a wide range of locations around the world. This book is largely concerned with coastal sand dunes that have had contact with the sea in the Holocene. The term Holocene literally means “completely recent”. It refers to the present geological era. It marks the end of the Pleistocene (period of the Ice Ages) and begins around 12,000 years ago. It is marked by a climatic warming phase, with rapidly rising sea levels and is the latest interstadial (warm period between glaciations) which last approximately 1.5 million years. It also concentrates on those sand dunes developed in temperate regions, mostly from the northern hemisphere. This chapter introduces the habitat, its origins, geomorphologic development and vegetation. Using the physical condition as a backdrop, it discusses sand dunes from an ecological point of view. In particular, it describes primary succession and subsequent development above upper beach levels, into what is essentially a terrestrial environment.

Keywords

Sand Dune Coastal Dune Barrier Island Dune System Medieval Warm Period 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Patrick Doody
    • 1
  1. 1.National Coastal ConsultantsBrampton, HuntingdonUK

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