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Genus Clitopilus

  • Machiel E. Noordeloos
  • Genevieve M. Gates
Chapter
Part of the Fungal Diversity Research Series book series (FDRS, volume 22)

Abstract

This chapter deals with the genus Clitopilus in Tasmania. This small genus is presented in the emended concept of Co-David et al. (Persoonia 23: 147–176, 2009), and includes also the former genus Rhodocybe. This revision is based on an earlier paper by Baroni and Gates (Aust Sys Bot 19: 343–358, 2006), expanded with more data, and with the addition of one species hitherto unknown to the Tasmanian mycoflora (C. conchatus). A generic description of the genus Clitopilus is followed by a dichotomous key to all known species of this genus in Tasmania. Each species is presented with full synonymy, reference to existing literature, followed by detailed macroscopic and microscopic descriptions, data on habitat, distribution, and phenology, usually followed by notes on taxonomic position, similar species, and other relevant facts. Line drawings are made for each species, containing a habit drawing, as well as diagnostic microscopic features, such as spores, basidia, cystidia, and pileipellis structures. For almost every species one or more coloured photographs are also included. In all, ten species are accepted. Two species, viz. C. cf. prunulus, and C. hobsonii, are morphologically very similar to European collections. Molecular studies are needed to reveal whether the Tasmanian collections represent cryptic species or not. Of the remaining eight species, most are so far known only from Tasmania or mainland Australia, except for C. conchatus and C. fuligineus, both of which were described originally from New Zealand. Full references to the cited literature are given.

Keywords

Type Species Visible Pigment Polar View Sclerophyll Forest Spore Length 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Mushroom Research Foundation 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Machiel E. Noordeloos
    • 1
  • Genevieve M. Gates
    • 2
  1. 1.Section National Herbarium of the NetherlandsNetherlands Centre for Biodiversity NaturalisLeidenThe Netherlands
  2. 2.School of Plant ScienceUniversity of TasmaniaHobartAustralia

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