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Introduction

  • Machiel E. Noordeloos
  • Genevieve M. Gates
Chapter
Part of the Fungal Diversity Research Series book series (FDRS, volume 22)

Abstract

The introductory part gives a general introduction to the book, illustrating how the book came into being, based on 14 years of intensive collecting on a year-round basis by Genevieve Gates and David Ratkowsky, and how Machiel Noordeloos became involved in the project. The second chapter gives an account of the current state of knowledge of the taxonomy, phylogeny and biogeography of Entolomataceae, a species-rich agaric family with more than 1,500 described species worldwide, and their position in the Tasmanian mycota. In the book, special attention is paid to modern species concepts, and the infrageneric classification is considered in the light of current phylogenetic knowledge. A large chapter is devoted to methods used to study the family, from collecting to describing and conserving, as well as microscopic techniques, to facilitate identification. A fully illustrated guide to the characters used and their character states facilitate the use of the keys and help in the understanding of the descriptions. The last chapter of the introductory part, co-authored by David Ratkowsky, deals with the ecology, distribution and phenology of the Entolomataceae. The forest types in which this family has been studied are described. A map of Tasmania is given, showing the predominant forest types and the sites at which species of Entolomataceae were found. The size of the symbol reflects the number of species of the family found at each site. A dataset of about 4,000 collections forms the basis of an analysis of the fruiting pattern of Entoloma species in Tasmania. Statistical methods have been applied in an attempt to reveal differences between the monthly fruiting patterns. As a result, five distinct groups could be distinguished. Another database, containing information from ca. 1,000 forays, enabled a comparison to be made among Entolomataceae, ectomycorrhizal macrofungi, and soil-borne saprobic agarics, using the total number of records for each month as a percentage of the annual total. The results indicate that species of Entoloma, of which the majority are supposedly non-ectomycorrhizal, have a different emergence pattern from that of other saprobic agarics. Full references to the cited literature are given.

Keywords

Fruit Body Hyphal Wall Infrageneric Classification Intracellular Pigment Hymenophoral Trama 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Mushroom Research Foundation 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Machiel E. Noordeloos
    • 1
  • Genevieve M. Gates
    • 2
  1. 1.Section National Herbarium of the NetherlandsNetherlands Centre for Biodiversity NaturalisLeidenThe Netherlands
  2. 2.School of Plant ScienceUniversity of TasmaniaHobartAustralia

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