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Chromatin Organization, Epigenetics and Differentiation: An Evolutionary Perspective

  • Sujata Kumari
  • Amrutha Swaminathan
  • Snehajyoti Chatterjee
  • Parijat Senapati
  • Ramachandran Boopathi
  • Tapas K. KunduEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Subcellular Biochemistry book series (SCBI, volume 61)

Abstract

Genome packaging is a universal phenomenon from prokaryotes to higher mammals. Genomic constituents and forces have however, travelled a long evolutionary route. Both DNA and protein elements constitute the genome and also aid in its dynamicity. With the evolution of organisms, these have experienced several structural and functional changes. These evolutionary changes were made to meet the challenging scenario of evolving organisms. This review discusses in detail the evolutionary perspective and functionality gain in the phenomena of genome organization and epigenetics.

Keywords

Nucleosome Position Histone Variant Linker Histone Histone Chaperone Nucleosome Assembly 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank Department of Biotechnology, Government of India (for Programme Support Grant on Chromatin and Disease, Grant No. Grant/DBT/CSH/GIA/1957/2011-12) and JNCASR for financial assistance. TKK is a recipient of the Sir J.C. Bose Fellowship (Department of Science and Technology, Government of India). SK, PS and AS are research fellows of Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), Government of India.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sujata Kumari
    • 1
  • Amrutha Swaminathan
    • 1
  • Snehajyoti Chatterjee
    • 1
  • Parijat Senapati
    • 1
  • Ramachandran Boopathi
    • 1
  • Tapas K. Kundu
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Transcription and Disease Laboratory, Molecular Biology and Genetics Unit (MBGU)Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research (JNCASR)BangaloreIndia

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