Lake Kivu pp 31-45 | Cite as

Nutrient Cycling in Lake Kivu

Part of the Aquatic Ecology Series book series (AQEC, volume 5)


This chapter investigates phosphorus (P), nitrogen (N), and silica (Si) cycling in tropical Lake Kivu. Its deep water is characterised by high concentrations of nutrients, which are slowly released to the surface mixed layer by an upward advective transport. The nutrient inputs (rivers, internal recycling and subaquatic springs) and outputs (outflow, sedimentation) are quantified to determine each nutrient cycle. Our analyses revealed that N and P cycles are dominated by internal processes, which are internal recycling and burial. P and N external inputs supply only about 15% (P) to 20% (N) of the total inputs to the epilimnion. In contrast, riverine inflows and internal recycling contribute equally to Si inputs.


External Input Sediment Trap Deep Zone Dissolve Inorganic Phosphorus Biogenic Silica 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This work was supported by the Swiss National Science Foundation and the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation under grant 207021-109710 (Nutrient cycling and methane production in Lake Kivu).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Eawag: Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and TechnologyKastanienbaumSwitzerland
  2. 2.ETH Zurich, Institute of Biogeochemistry and Pollutant DynamicsZürichSwitzerland
  3. 3.Lake Kivu Monitoring Program, Energy and Water Sanitation AuthorityKigaliRwanda
  4. 4.Institut Supérieur PédagogiqueBukavuD.R. Congo

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