Advertisement

Family Relationship Quality and Its Psychological Effects Among Taiwanese Adolescents

  • Yuh-Huey JouEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Quality of Life in Asia book series (QLAS, volume 2)

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to examine the influence of the characteristics and interactive factors of family relationship quality and its effect on various psychological well-being indicators among Taiwanese adolescents. Since grandparents are part of the extended family, which is the basic family unit in the Chinese system, the research framework incorporates both paternal and maternal grandparents in addition to both parents and siblings in the construction of family relationship quality. Data (n = 1,822) were based on a panel study conducted by the Taiwan Youth Project in 2005 (12th grade) and 2007 (14th grade). The analyses explore mainly the patterns and the effect of family relationship quality on Taiwanese adolescents’ psychological well-being. Latent class models and multiple regression models were used to generate adolescents’ family relationship quality, which can be categorized into Paternal Grandparents Close, Distant, Multiple Close, and Nuclear Close. The results confirm that adolescents’ family cohesion, self-esteem, and depression vary by their family relationship quality patterns. The particularity of East Asian adolescents is briefly discussed.

Keywords

Relationship Quality Latent Class Analysis Family Cohesion Latent Class Model Sibling Relationship 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Bandura, A. (1977). Social learning theory. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall.Google Scholar
  2. Bane, M. J., & Weiss, R. S. (1980). Alone together: The world of single-parent families. American Demographics, 2, 11–15.Google Scholar
  3. Barnes, G. M., Reifman, A. S., Farrell, M. P., & Dintcheff, B. A. (2000). The effects of parenting on the development of adolescent alcohol misuse: A six-wave latent growth model. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 62, 175–186.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Blake, J. (1985). Number of siblings and educational mobility. American Sociological Review, 50, 84–94.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Blake, J. (1989). Number of siblings and educational attainment. Science, 245, 32–36.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Campbell, A. (1981). The sense of well-being in America: Recent patterns and trends. New York: McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar
  7. Chang, Y. H., & Chi, L. (1991). The evolution of patterns on household composition in twentieth century Taiwan. Thought and Words, 29(4), 85–113 (In Chinese).Google Scholar
  8. Compton, K., Snyder, J., Schrepferman, L., Bank, L., & Shortt, J. W. (2003). The contribution of parents and siblings to antisocial and depressive behavior in adolescents: A double jeopardy coercion model. Development and Psychopathology, 15, 163–182.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Crosnoe, R., & Elder, G. H., Jr. (2004). Family dynamics, supportive relationships, and educational resilience during adolescence. Journal of Family Issues, 25(5), 571–602.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Directorate-General of Budget, Accounting and Statistics. (1993). In Executive Yuan (Ed.), Report on children’s life conditions. Taipei: Directorate-General of Budget, Accounting and Statistics (In Chinese).Google Scholar
  11. Directorate-General of Budget, Accounting and Statistics. (2000). In Executive Yuan (Ed.), Registered population and household (Population census in 2000). http://www.dgbas.gov.tw/ct.asp?xItem=1185%26ctNode=3273. Accessed 23 Dec 2011 (In Chinese).
  12. Downey, D. B. (1995). When bigger is not better: Family size, parental resources, and children’s educational performance. American Sociological Review, 60, 746–761.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Downey, D. B., & Condron, D. (2004). Playing well with others in kindergarten: The benefits of siblings at home. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 66, 333–350.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Drew, L. M., & Silverstein, M. (2004). Inter-generational role investments of great-grandparents: Consequences for psychological well-being. Ageing and Society, 24, 95–111.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Drew, L. M., & Silverstein, M. (2007). Grandparents’ well-being after loss of contact with their grandchildren. Journal of Family Psychology, 21(3), 372–379.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Epstein, J. L. (1992). School and family partnerships. In M. C. Alkin (Ed.), Encyclopedia of educational research (pp. 1139–1151). New York: Maxwell Macmillan International.Google Scholar
  17. Erikson, E. H. (1963). Childhood and society (2nd ed.). New York: Norton.Google Scholar
  18. Festinger, L. (1954). A theory of social comparison processes. Human Relations, 7, 117–140.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Gaalen, R. I., Dykstra, P. A., & Flap, H. (2008). Intergenerational contact beyond the dyad: The role of the sibling network. European Journal of Ageing, 5, 19–29.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Herman, K. C., Ostrander, R., Walkup, J. T., Silva, S. G., & March, J. S. (2007). Empirically derived subtypes of adolescent depression: Latent profile analysis of co-occurring symptoms in the treatment for adolescents with depression study (TADS). Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 75, 715–728.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Hoffman, K. L., Kiecolty, K. J., & Edwards, J. N. (2005). Physical violence between siblings: A theoretical and empirical analysis. Journal of Family Issues, 26, 1103–1130.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Huang, L. W. (1999). Adolescents’ sibling relationships. Soochow Journal of Sociology, 8, 123–154 (In Chinese).Google Scholar
  23. Jaap, J. A., Denissen, M. A., van Aken, G., & Dubas, J. S. (2009). It takes two to tango: How parents’ and adolescents’ personalities link to the quality of their mutual relationship. Developmental Psychology, 45(4), 928–941.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Jeong, Y. J., & Chun, Y. J. (2010). The pathways from parents’ marital quality to adolescents’ school adjustment in South Korea. Journal of Family Issues, 31(12), 1604–1621.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Jou, Y. H. (2009). Typology and psychological effects of adolescents’ interpersonal relationships in Taiwan. Asian Journal of Social Psychology, 12(2), 121–132.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Jou, Y. H., & Hsieh, Y. S. (2004, June 23-24). Continued or temporary impact: The effect of family life events on adolescents’ depression. Paper presented at the First youth conference of Taiwan Youth Project. Taipei, Taiwan.Google Scholar
  27. Kemp, C. L. (2007). Grandparent – grandchild ties: Reflections on continuity and change across three generations. Journal of Family Issues, 28, 855–881.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Korea National Statistical Office. (1993). Social index in Korea. Seoul: Korean National Statistical Office.Google Scholar
  29. Lanza, S. T., Flaherty, B. P., & Collins, L. M. (2003). Latent class and latent transition analysis. In J. A. Schinka & W. F. Velicer (Eds.), Handbook of psychology (Research methods in psychology, Vol. 2, pp. 663–685). Hoboken: Wiley.Google Scholar
  30. Levy, M. J., Jr. (1971). The family revolution in modern China. New York: Octagon Books.Google Scholar
  31. McLanahan, S. (1983). Family structure and stress: A longitudinal comparison of two-parent and female-headed families. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 45, 347–357.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. McLanahan, S., & Adams, J. (1987). Parenthood and psychological well-being. Annual Review of Sociology, 13, 237–257.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications, Statistics Bureau. (2010). 2–18 Private Households by Family Type of Household, Related Members and Average Number of Related Members per Household (1960–2005). Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications: Statistics Bureau, Director-General for Policy Planning (Statistical Standards) & Statistical Research and Training Institute. http://www.stat.go.jp/data/chouki/02.htm. Accessed 23 Dec 2011 (In Japanese).
  34. Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications, Statistics Bureau. (2011). Population census Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications: Statistics Bureau, Director-General for Policy Planning (Statistical Standards) & Statistical Research and Training Institute. http://www.stat.go.jp/english/data/kokusei/index.htm. Accessed 23 Dec 2011 (In Japanese).
  35. Monserud, M. A. (2008). Intergenerational relationships and affectual solidarity between grandparents and young adults. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 70, 182–195.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Mueller, M. M., Wilhelm, B., & Elder, G. H. (2002). Variations in grandparenting. Research on Aging, 24(3), 360–388.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. National Statistics, R.O.C. (2006). Types of Households. Taiwan: National Statistics, Republic of China. http://www.stat.gov.tw/ct.asp?xItem=17952%26ctNode=538%26mp=4. Accessed 23 Dec 2011 (In Chinese).
  38. Nolen-Hoeksema, S., & Girgus, J. S. (1994). The emergence of gender differences in depression during adolescence. Psychological Bulletin, 115, 424–443.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Pan, E.-L., Chang, Y.-H., & Hsieh, Y.-S. (2004). Family structure, life events and adolescent distress: Variations by age. Paper presented at the First youth conference of Taiwan Youth Project, June 23-24, 2004, Taipei, Taiwan.Google Scholar
  40. Parke, R. D. (2002). Fathers and families. In M. H. Bornstein (Ed.), Handbook of parenting (pp. 27–73). Mahwah: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.Google Scholar
  41. Pipp, S., Jennings, S., Shaver, P., Lamborn, S., & Fischer, K. W. (1985). Adolescents’ theories about the development of their relationships with parents. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 48(4), 991–1001.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Plunkett, S. W., Henry, C. S., Robinson, L. C., Behnke, A., & Falcon, P. C., III. (2007). Adolescent perceptions of parental behaviors, adolescent self-esteem, and adolescent depressed mood. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 16, 760–772.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Radloff, L. S. (1977). The CES-D scale: A self-report depression scale for research in the general population. Applied Psychological Measurement, 1, 385–401.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Rodgers, J. L., & Rowe, D. C. (1990). Adolescent sexual activity and mildly deviant behavior: Sibling and friendship effect. Journal of Family Issues, 11, 274–293.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Rosenberg, M. (1965). Society and the adolescent self-image. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  46. Ross, C. E., & Huber, J. (1985). Hardship and depression. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 26, 312–327.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Scott, J., & Duncombe, J. (1992). Gender-role attitudes in Britain and the USA. In S. Arber & N. Gilbert (Eds.), Women and working lives: Divisions and change (pp. 36–53). London: Macmillan.Google Scholar
  48. Seltzer, M. M., & Ryff, C. D. (1996). The parental experience in midlife: Past, present, and future. In C. D. Ryff & M. M. Seltzer (Eds.), The parental experience in midlife (pp. 641–661). Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  49. Shek, D. T. (2000). Differences between fathers and mothers in the treatment of, and relationship with, their teenage children: Perceptions of Chinese adolescents. Adolescence, 35, 135–146.Google Scholar
  50. Silverstein, M., & Giarrusso, R. (2010). Aging and family life: A decade review. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 72, 1039–1058.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Silverstein, M., & Marenco, A. (2001). How Americans enact the grandparent role across the family life course. Journal of Family Issues, 22, 493–522.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Tan, J. P., Buchanan, A., Flouri, E., Attar-Schwartz, S., & Griggs, J. (2010). Filling the parenting gap? Grandparent involvement with U.K. adolescents. Journal of Family Issues, 31(7), 992–1015.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Teachman, J. D. (1987). Family background, educational resources, and educational attainment. American Sociological Review, 52(4), 548–557.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Uba, L. (1994). Asian Americans: Personality patterns, identity and mental health. New York: Guilford.Google Scholar
  55. Umberson, D. (1989). Relationships with children: Explaining parents’ psychological well-being. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 51, 999–1012.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Umberson, D., Chen, M. D., House, J. S., Hopkins, K., & Slaten, E. (1996). The effect of social relationships on psychological well-being: Are men and women really so different? American Sociological Review, 61, 837–857.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Voorpostel, M., & Blieszner, R. (2008). Intergenerational solidarity and support between adult siblings. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 70, 157–167.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Weaver, S. E., Coleman, M., & Ganong, L. H. (2003). The sibling relationship in young adulthood: Sibling functions and relationship perceptions as influenced by sibling pair composition. Journal of Family Issues, 24, 245–263.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Widmer, E. D., & Weiss, C. C. (2003). Do older siblings make a difference? The effects of older sibling support and older sibling adjustment on the adjustment of socially disadvantaged adolescents. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 10, 1–27.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Yi, C. C. (1987). A study of work orientation, job condition, work satisfaction and child care arrangement among married working women. Chinese Journal of Sociology, 11, 93–120.Google Scholar
  61. Yi, C. C., Pan, E. L., Chang, Y. H., & Chan, C. W. (2006). Grandparents, adolescents, and parents intergenerational relations of Taiwanese youth. Journal of Family Issues, 27(8), 1042–1067.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Yi, C. C., Wu, C. I., Chang, Y. H., & Chang, M. Y. (2009). The psychological well-being of Taiwanese youth: School versus family context from early to late adolescence. International Sociology, 24(3), 397–429.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Yuan, A. S. (2009). Sibling relationships and adolescents’ mental health: The interrelationship of structure and quality. Journal of Family Issues, 30(9), 1221–1244.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of EthnologyAcademia SinicaTaipeiTaiwan

Personalised recommendations