Advertisement

Academic Achievement-Oriented Society and Its Relationship to the Psychological Well-Being of Korean Adolescents

  • Sun-Young AhnEmail author
  • Hye-Jeong Baek
Chapter
Part of the Quality of Life in Asia book series (QLAS, volume 2)

Abstract

It is hard to deny that Koreans’ faith and investment in education have played a pivotal role in rebuilding the nation after a devastating war and achieving its economic growth. To Koreans, education has meant the best way to improve the quality of life. Ironically, Koreans’ zeal for education became a burden, and because of it, the quality of life, especially that of youth, is being compromised. Since high academic achievement becomes the most important goal for Korean youth, other aspects of their development are largely ignored, and this can have serious effects on the overall quality of their life. In this chapter, we highlight the serious state of psychological well-being of Korean youth by examining Korean society’s orientation toward academic achievement and various aspects of the psychological state of Korean adolescents and the connection between them.

Keywords

Academic Achievement Private Tutoring Korean Student Private Education Academic Stress 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Ahn, S. Y., Cuervo, H., & Wyn, J. (2010). Transition from youth to adulthood. Seoul: National Youth Policy Institute.Google Scholar
  2. Bang, H. N., & Kim, K. H. (2002). Opportunity and inequality: Educational stratification in Korea. The Korean Journal of Sociology, 36(4), 193–224.Google Scholar
  3. Byun, S. Y., & Kim, K. K. (2008). Parental involvement and student achievement in South Korea: Focusing on differential effects by family background. Korean Journal of Sociology of Education, 18(1), 39–66.Google Scholar
  4. Chang, S. S. (2000). Inequality of educational opportunity in Korea: The effects of family background on educational attainment. The Korean Journal of Sociology, 34(4), 671–710.Google Scholar
  5. Choi, I. J., Kim, J. K., Lim, H. J., & Kang, H. C. (2011). 2010 International comparison of youth worldview. Seoul: Ministry of Gender Equality and Family.Google Scholar
  6. Chosunilbo. (2010, September 6). The Ministry of Education and Technology plans to change the evaluation system in high schools. http://edu.chosun.com/view.php?id=Print_donga/data/html_dir/2010/09/17/2010091700193.html. Accessed 10 Jan 2012.
  7. Chosunilbo. (2011, February 6). 99% of preschoolers take private tutoring (Korean). http://news.chosun.com/site/data/html_dir/2011/02/06/2011020600264.html. Accessed 10 Jan 2012.
  8. Dongailbo. (2011, April 5). Deviance of top students. http://news.donga.com/3/all/20110404/36135771/1. Accessed 10 Jan 2012.
  9. Jwa, H., Moon, Y., & Yoon, M. (2009). Moderating effect of self-control on academic stress and psychological maladjustment. Journal of Korea Youth Research, 16(1), 317–342.Google Scholar
  10. Kim, K. H., & Bang, H. N. (2005). Social class and gender differences in Korean and Japanese higher education: A comparative study. The Korean Journal of Sociology, 39(5), 119–153.Google Scholar
  11. Kim, J. B., & Kim, J. Y. (2009a). A longitudinal analysis of relationships among parental expectation, involvement and children’s psychological stress mediated by learning outcomes and academic self-concept. The Korean Journal of Educational Psychology, 23(2), 389–412.Google Scholar
  12. Kim, Y. H., & Kim, T. H. (2009b). A study on the effect of longer-term separation on the marital relationships of girogi-families. Korean Journal of Family Relations, 14(3), 297–326.Google Scholar
  13. Kim, Y. H., & Kim, Y. J. (2009c). Effects on daily stress and ego-resilience on maladjustment in school-aged children. Korean Journal of Family Relations, 14(2), 123–142.Google Scholar
  14. Kim, U., & Park, Y. S. (2006). Indigenous psychological analysis of academic achievement in Korea: The influence of self-efficacy, parents, and culture. International Journal of Psychology, 41(4), 287–292.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Kim, U., & Park, Y. S. (2008). Educational achievement in Korean society (II): Psychological analysis of academic success of Korean adolescents. Korean Journal of Psychological and Social Issues, 14(1), 63–109.Google Scholar
  16. Kim, K. H., Ahn, S. Y., Chang, S. S., Kim, M. R., & Choi, D. S. (2009). An international comparative study on children’s life pattern. Seoul: Ministry for Health, Welfare and Family Affairs & National Youth Policy Institute.Google Scholar
  17. Korea Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service. (2010). 2005–2010 health insurance review. Seoul: Korea Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service.Google Scholar
  18. Korea Herald. (2011, March 9). Obama lauds S. Korea’s education system. http://www.koreaherald.com/national/Detail.jsp?newsMLId=20110309000191. Accessed 10 Jan 2012.
  19. Korean Educational Development Institute. (2010). Statistical analysis on Korean education. Seoul: Korean Educational Development Institute.Google Scholar
  20. Kyunghyang Shinmun. (2004, October 18). Grade inflation is widespread in Korea. http://news.naver.com/main/read.nhn?mode=LSD&mid=sec&sid1=102&oid=032&aid=000089666. Accessed 10 Jan 2012.
  21. Lee, B. J. (2009). The current state of Korean children and youth. Seoul: The Ministry of Health, Welfare and Family.Google Scholar
  22. Ministry of Health and Welfare. (2009). The online survey of youth health behavior. Seoul: The Ministry of Health and Welfare.Google Scholar
  23. Mo, S. H., & Kim, M. Y. (2009). A study on intrinsic and extrinsic variables related to academic stress and their protective effects. Theory and Practice of Education, 14(2), 1–19.Google Scholar
  24. Moon, K. S. (2006). The effect of academic stress on suicidal impulse in adolescence. The Korean Journal of Child Studies, 27(5), 143–157.Google Scholar
  25. Moon, K. S. (2008). Academic stress and mental health of Korean adolescents: The role of self-control and emotion regulation. Korean Journal of Youth Studies, 29(5), 1–15.Google Scholar
  26. Nam, K. (2008). The relationship between private tutoring time and academic achievement: International comparison using 2003 PISA data. The Korean Journal of Economics, 15(1), 55–90.Google Scholar
  27. OECD. (2010a). PISA 2009 results: What students know and can do: Student performance in reading, mathematics and science (Vol. 1). Paris: OECD publishing.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. OECD. (2010b). Society at a glance 2010. Paris: OECD publishing.Google Scholar
  29. Oh, W. H. (2000). Educational fervor in Korea: Its origin and intensification. Seoul: Kyoyookbook.Google Scholar
  30. Park, N. (2004). The role of subjective well-being in positive youth development. The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 591, 25–39.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Park, J. Y., & Chung, I. J. (2010). The effects of high school students’ academic problems on suicidal ideation: Focusing on the mediation effects of individual-level risk and protective factors. Journal of Child Welfare, 32, 69–97.Google Scholar
  32. Park, S. Y., & Jung, Y. S. (2010). Moderating effects of ego-resilience and social support on academic stress that result from parental pressure for academic achievement. The Korean Journal of Developmental Psychology, 23(1), 17–32.Google Scholar
  33. Park, C. U., Seo, H. J., & Youm, Y. S. (2010). Collection of Korean child well-being index and its international comparison with other OECD countries. The Korean Journal of Sociology, 44(2), 121–154.Google Scholar
  34. Seoul Youth Mental Health Center. (2006). Mental health of youth in Seoul and the intervention system. Seoul: The Seoul Youth Mental Health Center.Google Scholar
  35. Shim, M. H. (2010). The effect of socio-economic status of parents on their children’s academic performance. Korean Journal of Social Welfare Studies, 41(2), 217–246.Google Scholar
  36. Smetana, J. G., Yau, J., Restrepo, A., & Braeges, J. L. (1991). Conflict and adaptation in adolescence: Adolescent-parent conflict. In M. E. Colten & S. Gore (Eds.), Adolescent stress: Causes and consequences (pp. 43–65). New York: Aldine de Gruyter.Google Scholar
  37. Statistics Korea. (2010a). Statistics on the private education expenditure. Korean Statistical Information Service. http://kosis.kr/abroad/abroad_01List.jsp. Accessed 10 Jan 2012.
  38. Statistics Korea. (2010b). Statistics on the causes of death. Korean Statistical Information Service. http://kosis.kr/abroad/abroad_01List.jsp. Accessed 10 Jan 2012.
  39. Statistics Korea. (2010c). Youth statistics. Korean Statistical Information Service. http://kosis.kr/abroad/abroad_01List.jsp. Accessed 10 Jan 2012.
  40. UN OHCHR – Committee on the Rights of the Child. (2003). Concluding observations of the Committee on the Rights of the Child for the Republic of Korea’s second periodic report. http://www.crin.org/docs/Republic%20of%20Korea%20COs.doc. Accessed 10 Jan 2012.
  41. Yi, C. C., Wu, C. I., & Chang, Y. H. (2009). The psychological well-being of Taiwanese youth: School versus family context from early to late adolescence. International Sociology, 24(3), 397–429.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Youth Policy Institute (NYPI)SeoulSouth Korea

Personalised recommendations