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The Plant Family Brassicaceae: An Introduction

Chapter
Part of the Environmental Pollution book series (EPOL, volume 21)

Abstract

This chapter introduces the plant family Brassicaceae (Cruciferae or mustard family) and also summarizes significant roles of some representative plant species from this family for metals and metalloids phytoremediation. Brassicaceae family is one of the largest dicot families of flowering (angiospermic) plant kingdom which comprises 10–19 tribes with a total of 338–360 genera and nearly 3,709 species. The Brassicaceae are easily recognized by having unique flowers [with four petals, forming a cross or sometimes reduced or lacking; six stamens, the outer two being shorter than the inner four (however, sometimes only two or four stamens are present) and capsule (having two valves capsule with a septum dividing it into two chambers)]. The plant family Brassicaceae includes several plant species of great scientific, economic and agronomic importance including model species (Arabidopsis and Brassica), developing model generic systems (Boechera, Brassica, and Cardamine), as well as many widely cultivated species. The well-known model plants from the family Brassicaceae viz., Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) and Brassica species have revolutionized our knowledge in almost every field of modern plant biology. In addition, several representatives of the family Brassicaceae are equally playing significant roles for achieving environmental sustainability.

Keywords

Brassicaceae Biosystematics Arabidopsis spp. Brassica spp. Alssum spp. Thlaspi spp. Metals Hyperaccumulation 

Notes

Acknowledgements

NAA (SFRH/BPD/64690/2009), IA, MP, ACD and EP are grateful to the Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology (FCT) and the Aveiro University Research Institute/Centre for Environmental and Marine Studies (CESAM) for partial financial supports. SSG, SU and NAK would like to acknowledge the receipt of funds from DBT, DST and UGC, Govt. of India, New Delhi. Authors apologize if some references related to the main theme of the current chapter could not be cited due to space constraint.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for Environmental and Marine Studies (CESAM) & Department of ChemistryUniversity of AveiroAveiroPortugal
  2. 2.Plant Molecular Biology GroupInternational Centre for Genetic Engineering and BiotechnologyNew DelhiIndia
  3. 3.Stress Physiology and Molecular Biology Lab, Centre for BiotechnologyMD UniversityRohtakIndia
  4. 4.Centre for Environmental and Marine Studies (CESAM) & Department of Chemistry and BiologyUniversity of AveiroAveiroPortugal
  5. 5.Centre for Environmental and Marine Studies (CESAM) & Department of BiologyUniversity of AveiroAveiroPortugal
  6. 6.Department of Botany, Faculty of ScienceHamdard UniversityNew DelhiIndia
  7. 7.Department of Botany, Faculty of Life SciencesAligarh Muslim UniversityAligarhIndia

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