Advertisement

Surface Applications of Silicones

  • Michael J. OwenEmail author
  • Petar R. DvornicEmail author
Part of the Advances in Silicon Science book series (ADSS, volume 4)

Abstract

Some key surface-related applications of silicone polymeric materials are reviewed with an emphasis on polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS), the predominant commercial polymer. The applications considered are elastomers/sealants, personal care products, antifoams, silicone surfactants, pressure-sensitive adhesive release coatings, high voltage insulation, and water-repellent coatings, which together account for well over half of all silicone usage. Our aim is relate the practical usage of these products to the fundamental characteristics of the parent polymer thus extending the silicone structure/property relationship which underlies much of this book into the applications area. The key fundamental characteristic is, expectedly, the low intermolecular forces acting between methyl groups that are manifested by the low surface energy exhibited by PDMS. Compact size of the methyl group and high siloxane backbone flexibility are also of great importance as is high siloxane bond energy. No application is solely dependent on any one of these fundamental characteristics; it is their combination that dictates success in any particular application.

Keywords

Surface properties-related applications of silicone-based materials Elastomers/sealants Coatings Antifoams Personal care products High voltage insulation 

References

  1. 1.
    Owen MJ (2000) Surface properties and applications. In: Jones RG, Ando W, Chojnowski J (eds) Silicon-containing polymers. Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht, pp 213–231 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    http://www.freedoniagroup.com. Accessed 23 March 2011
  3. 3.
    http://www.silicones-europe.com. Accessed 23 March 2011
  4. 4.
    Owen MJ (2001) Elastomers: siloxane. In: Brown H (ed) Encyclopedia of materials: science and technology. Elsevier, Amsterdam Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Tobolsky AV (1960) Properties and structure of polymers. Wiley, New York, p 67 Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Dvornic PR, Lenz RW (1990) High temperature siloxane elastomers. Huthig and Wepf Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Dvornic PR (2000) Thermal properties of polysiloxanes. In: Jones RG, Ando W, Chojnowski J (eds) Silicon containing polymers. Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht, pp 185–212 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Owen MJ, Klosowski JM (1988) Durability of silicone sealants. In: Lee L-H (ed) Adhesives, sealants, and coatings for space and harsh environments. Plenum, New York, pp 281–291 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Kim YK (1980) In: Grayson M (ed) Kirk-Othmer encyclopedia of chemical technology, vol 11, 3rd edn. Wiley, New York, pp 74–81 Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Jershow P (2002) Silicone elastomers. In: RAPRA review reports Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Klosowski JM (1988) Sealants in construction. CRC Press, Boca Raton Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Floyd DT (1999) Silicone surfactants: applications in the personal care industry. In: Hill RM (ed) Silicone surfactants. Dekker, New York, pp 181–207 Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    For example, http://www.dowcorning.com. Accessed 23 March 2011
  14. 14.
    Gunualdi S, Harner T, Cheng Y, MacLeod M, Hansens KM, van Egmond R, Shoeib M, Lee SC (2011) Global distribution of linear and cyclic volatile methyl siloxanes in air. Environ Sci Technol Article ASAP. doi: 10.1021/es200301j, March 25, 2011 Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    http://www.cosmeticsinfo.org. Accessed 23 March 2011
  16. 16.
    Brand HM, Brand-Garnys EE (1992) Cosmet Toiletries 107:93 Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    http://www.gelest.com. Accessed 23 March 2011
  18. 18.
    Owen MJ (1993) Defoamers. In: Kirk-Othmer encyclopedia of chemical technology, vol 7, 4th edn, pp 928–946 Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Hill RH (1999) Silicone surfactants. Surfactant science ser, vol 86. Dekker, New York Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Garrett PR (1993) Defoaming: theory and industrial applications. Surfactant science ser, vol 45. Dekker, New York Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Kinning DJ, Schneider HM (2002) Release coatings for pressure sensitive adhesives. In: Chaudhury MK, Pocius AV (eds) Surfaces, chemistry and applications. Elsevier, New York, pp 535–571 Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Newby BZ, Chaudhury MK (1997) Langmuir 13:1805 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Gordon GV, Leaym TM, Owen MJ, Owens MS, Perz SV, Stasser JL, Tonge JS, Chaudhury MK, Vorvolakas KA, She H (2000) Adhes Age 43(4):41 Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Goudie JL, Owen MJ, Orbeck T (1998) In IEEE Electrical insulation and dielectric phenomena annual report, vol 1, pp 120–127 Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Vosloo WL, Macey RE, de Tourreil C (2004) The practical guide to outdoor high voltage insulators. Crown Publications, Johannesburg Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Leadley S, Goodwin A, Lord G (2007) Ambient plasma processing a revolution in surface engineering. Surf Coat Int 90(3):128–130 Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Owen MJ (2005) Plasma/corona treatment of silicones. Aust J Chem 58:433–436 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Andriot M, DeGroot JV, Meeks R, Gerlach E, Jungk M, Wolf AT, Cray S, Easton T, Mountney A, Leadley S, Chao SH, Colas A, de Buyl F, Dupont A, Garaud JL, Gubbels F, Lecomte JP, Lenoble B, Stassen S, Stevens C, Thomas X, Shearer G (2007) Silicones in industrial applications. In: De Jaeger R, Gleria M (eds) Inorganic polymers. Nova Sciences Publisher, New York, pp 61–161 Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Michigan Molecular InstituteMidlandUSA

Personalised recommendations